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Q:

A dealer sold two of his cattle for Rs. 500 each. On one of them he lost 10% on the other, he gained 10%. His gain or loss percent in the entire transaction was:

A) 10% loss B) 1% loss
C) 1% gain D) Neither loss nor profit

Answer:   B) 1% loss

Explanation:

Loss%= (common gain or loss % / 10)2 = (10/10)² % = 1%.

Q:

A supplier supplies cartridges to a news paper publishing house. He earns a profit of 25% by selling cartridges for Rs. 1540. Find the cost price of the Cartridges ?

A) Rs. 1100 B) Rs. 1793.4
C) Rs. 1440 D) Rs. 1232
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 1232

Explanation:

Let Cost Price(C.P) = P
gain% = {(S.P-C.P)/C.P} x 100
25 = {(1540-P)/P} x 100
25/100 = (1540-P)/P
=> P = 4(1540)-4P
=> 5P = 4(1540)
=> P = 1232
So, Cost Price = Rs. 1232

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Q:

Every year before the festive season, a brand store increases the price of the product by 42% and then introduce two successive discount of 10% and 11% respectively. What is percentage loss and percentage gain ?

A) 3.25% loss B) 13.742% loss
C) 3.25% gain D) 13.742% gain
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 13.742% gain

Explanation:

Let CP = 100,
42 % increase => SP = 142
10 % discount in SP => ((142 x 10)/100) = 14.2
So 1st SP = (142 - 14.2) = 127.8, again 12 % discount in 1st SP ((127.8 x 11)/100) = 14.058
2nd SP = (127.8 - 14.058) = 113.742,
So finally CP = 100, SP = 113.742, => gain = 13.742%.

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3 68
Q:

A seller uses 840 gm in place of 1 kg to sell his goods. Find his actual profit/loss % When he sells his article on 4% loss on cost price ?

A) 14.28 % profit B) 24.18 % profit
C) 14.28 % loss D) 24.18 % loss
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 14.28 % profit

Explanation:

Let 1kg of Rs. 100 then 840gm is of Rs. 84.
Now (label on can 1kg but contains 840kg ) so for customer it is of Rs. 100 and further gives 4% discount [he sells his article on 4% loss on cost price.]
So now S.P = Rs. 96
But actually it contains 840 gm so C.P for shopkeeper = Rs. 84
S.P = Rs. 96
C.P = Rs. 84
Profit% = {(S.P-C.P)/C.P}x100
{(96-84)/84} x 100 = 14.28571429% PROFIT.

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3 65
Q:

A man sell 35 waffers for Rs. 15 each and loses Rs. 40.4. If he sells 35 waffers for Rs. 18, how much does he loss or gain ?

A) Rs. 64 B) Rs. 52
C) Rs. 72 D) Rs. 55
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 64

Explanation:

Given Loss = Rs. 40.4
We know loss = cost price - selling price
40.4 = CP - 35(15)
=> CP = 40.4 + 525
=> CP = Rs. 565.4
Now the New selling price of waffer is Rs. 18
=> SP = 35(18) = 630
Now Gain = SP - CP = 630 -565.4 = Rs. 64.6.

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3 51
Q:

On selling 17 balls at Rs. 720, there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls. The cost price of a ball is ?

A) Rs. 55 B) Rs. 60
C) Rs. 65 D) Rs. 70
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 60

Explanation:

Let the cost price of a ball is Rs.x
Given, on selling 17 balls at Rs. 720, there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls
The equation is :
17x - 720 = 5x
Solving the equation
we get x = 60
Therefore, cost price of a ball is Rs. 60.

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