14
Q:

If the manufacturer gains 10 %, the wholesale dealer 15 % and the retailer 25 %, then find the cost of production of a table if the retail price was Rs 1265

A) Rs. 750 B) Rs. 800
C) Rs. 850 D) Rs. 900

Answer:   B) Rs. 800

Explanation:

Let the cost of Production = Rs. P
Then, as per question,

\fn_jvn {\color{Black} \Rightarrow (\frac{125}{100}\times \frac{115}{100}\times \frac{110}{100}\times p)=1265}

\fn_jvn {\color{Black} \Rightarrow \frac{253}{160}\; p=1265}

\fn_jvn {\color{Blue} \Rightarrow p=800}

Q:

If a trader sold two cars each at Rs. 325475 and gains 12% on the first and loses 12% on the second, then his profit or loss percent on the whole is ?

A) 1.44% loss B) 14.4% loss
C) 0% D) 14.4% profit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1.44% loss

Explanation:

SP of each car is Rs. 325475, he gains 12% on first car and losses 12% on second car.
In this case, there will be loss and percentage of loss is given by

= [(profit%)(loss%)]/100 = (12)(12)/100 % = 1.44%

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0 9
Q:

A certain sum of money is invested for one year at a certain rate of simple interest. If the rate of interest is 3% higher, then the invest earned will be 25% more than the interest earned earlier. What is the earlier rate of interest ?

A) 4% p.a. B) 6% p.a.
C) 8% p.a. D) 12% p.a.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 12% p.a.

Explanation:

If the interest earned is 25% more than the earlier interest then the rate of interest also should be 25% higher than the earlier rate.
Let the earlier rate of interest be x%.
Now it will be (x + 3)%
% increase = (x + 3) - x/x * 100 = 25
=> x = 12%

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1 14
Q:

Arun purchased 30 kg of wheat at the rate of Rs. 11.50 per kg and 20 kg of wheat at the rate of 14.25 per kg. He mixed the two and sold the mixture. Approximately what price per kg should be sell the mixture to make 30% profit ?

A) Rs. 17.80 B) Rs. 16.30
C) Rs. 14 D) Rs. 15.40
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 16.30

Explanation:

C.P. of 50 kg wheat = (30 * 11.50 + 20 * 14.25) = Rs. 630.

S.P. of 50 kg wheat = 130% of Rs. 630 = 130/100 * 630 = Rs. 819.
S.P. per kg = 819/50 = Rs. 16.38 = 16.30.
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1 25
Q:

A driver of auto rickshaw makes a profit of 20% on every trip when he carries 3 passengers and the price of petrol is Rs. 30 a litre. Find the % profit for the same journey if he goes for 4 passengers per trip and the price of petrol reduces to Rs. 24 litres ?

A) 68% B) 80%
C) 75% D) 100%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 100%

Explanation:

When 3 passengers income was 3x
expense= Rs.30 
profit =20% of 30 = Rs.6 
That means his earning is Rs.36. so that per passenger fare must be Rs.12.

When 4 passengers
earning = 12x4=Rs.48.
expense =Rs.24.
profit = Rs.24 = 100%

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3 155
Q:

Sambhu buys rice at Rs. 10/kg and puts a price tag on it so as to earn a profit of 20%. However, his faulty balance shows 1000 gm when it is actually 800 gm. What is his actual gain percentage ?

A) 50% B) 25%
C) 75% D) 60%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 50%

Explanation:

CP of 1000gm = Rs. 10
SP of 800gm = Rs. 12
SP of 1000gm =12x1000/800 = Rs. 15

Now take 1000gm as reference to calculate profit.
Profit=SP-CP=15-10=Rs. 5
Profit % = 5x100/10 = 50%

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