287
Q:

The cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x articles. If the profit is 25%, then the value of x is:

A) 15 B) 16
C) 18 D) 25

Answer:   B) 16



Explanation:

Let C.P. of each article be Re. 1 C.P. of x articles = Rs. x.

S.P. of x articles = Rs. 20.

Profit = Rs. (20 - x).

{\color{Black} \therefore \left ( \frac{20-x}{x}\times 100=25 \right )}

2000 - 100x = 25x

125x=2000

x=16

Q:

A shopkeeper sold a mobile phone for Rs. 12000. Had he offered discount of 10% on the selling price, there would be a loss of 4%. What is the cost price of that Mobile phone?

A) Rs. 12,500 B) Rs. 11,250
C) Rs. 12,750 D) Rs. 11,680
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 11,250

Explanation:

Given that SP = Rs. 12000 - 10%  = Rs. 10,800

Loss% = 4

We know that, C.P = 100/(100 - Loss%) x 100

=> 100/100-4 x 10800

=> 1080000/96

C.P = Rs. 11,250

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3 177
Q:

Sreya bought a plot for Rs. 6,00,000,  then sold half of the plot at 10 % profit and rest at 15% profit. What is the total profit % that Sreya gain? 

A) 13.8 % B) 11.4 %
C) 12.5 % D) 14.5 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 12.5 %

Explanation:

10% profit at half plot = 600000/2 x 10/100 = Rs. 30,000

15% profit at remaining half plot = 600000/2 x 15/100 = Rs. 45,000

Now, total profit = 30000 + 45000 = 75000

Profit % = 75000/600000 x 100 = 12.5 %

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11 321
Q:

When a women sells 20 articles for Rs. 160, there is 40% loss. How many articles should she sell for Rs. 240 in order to earn 20% profit ?

A) 16 B) 15
C) 17 D) 14
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 15

Explanation:

Given when she sells at Rs. 160 for 20 articles, she get 40% loss.

Then, to get 20% profit selling at Rs. 240 for let 'P' articles

=> 

=> 120 x 160 x P = 20 x 70 x 240

=> P =  15 articles.

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15 518
Q:

Selling an article at a profit of 20%, Aman gets Rs. 400 more than selling at a loss of 20%. The cost price of the article is ?

A) Rs.1000 B) Rs. 1020
C) Rs.1210 D) Rs.1140
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs.1000

Explanation:

Cost price of the article is given by

= 400x100/(20+20)

= Rs.1000

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11 457
Q:

In an exhibition, Almond bought a painting for Rs. 20000. He later sold it to Olive for Rs. 23000. Olive sold it to Sarah for double the profit percentage that Almond earned. At what price should Sarah sell this painting to earn 8% profit ?

A) Rs. 34,410 B) Rs. 31,184
C) Rs. 29,999 D) Rs. 32,292
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 32,292

Explanation:

Almond Selling price = CP(1 + P%/100)

=> CP = 20000, SP = 23000

=> 23000 = 20000 (1 + P/100)

=> P% = 100(23000/20000 - 1) = 15

Then, Olive's P% = 30%

SP for Olive = CP for Sarah = 23000(1 + 30/100) = 29900

Now Sarah wants to earn profit of 8%

=> Sp for Sarah = 29900(1 + 8/100)

= Rs. 32,292.

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9 508