261
Q:

The cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x articles. If the profit is 25%, then the value of x is:

A) 15 B) 16
C) 18 D) 25

Answer:   B) 16

Explanation:

Let C.P. of each article be Re. 1 C.P. of x articles = Rs. x.

S.P. of x articles = Rs. 20.

Profit = Rs. (20 - x).

{\color{Black} \therefore \left ( \frac{20-x}{x}\times 100=25 \right )}

2000 - 100x = 25x

125x=2000

x=16

Q:

A quantity of tea is sold at Rs. 5.75 per kilogram. The total gain by selling the tea at this rate is Rs. 60. Find the quantity of tea being sold if a profit of 15% is made on the deal ?

A) 72 kgs B) 80 kgs
C) 76 kgs D) 84 kgs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 80 kgs

Explanation:

Say total cost price of tea is x.
Then total profit at a rate of 15% is = (15x/100)
According to question,
15x/100 = 60
so x = 400
C.p of the tea is Rs. 400.
so total selling price will be = (400+60) = Rs.460
so the quantity of the tea will be = (460/5.75) = 80kg.

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Q:

Every year before the festive season,a shopkeeper increases the price of the product by 35% and then introduce two successive discount of 10% and 15% respectively.what is percentage loss and percentage gain ?

A) 3.27 % loss B) 4.15 % loss
C) 3.27 % gain D) 4.15 % gain
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 3.27 % gain

Explanation:

Let cp= 100,
35 % increase in sp=135
10 % discount in 135((135*10)/100)=13.5
so 1st sp=(135-13.5)=121.5, again 15 % discount in 1st sp((121.5*15)/100)=18.225
2nd sp=(121.5-18.225)=103.275,

so finally cp=100,sp=103.275 ,gain by 3.27%

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Q:

A merchant buys two articles for Rs.600. He sells one of them at a profit of 22% and the other at a loss of 8% and makes no profit or loss in the end. What is the selling price of the article that he sold at a loss ?

A) Rs. 404.80 B) Rs. 536.80
C) Rs.440 D) Rs. 160
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 404.80

Explanation:

Let C1 be the cost price of the first article and C2 be the cost price of the second article.
Let the first article be sold at a profit of 22%, while the second one be sold at a loss of 8%.

We know, C1 + C2 = 600.
The first article was sold at a profit of 22%. Therefore, the selling price of the first article = C1 + (22/100)C1 = 1.22C1
The second article was sold at a loss of 8%. Therefore, the selling price of the second article = C2 - (8/100)C2 = 0.92C2.

The total selling price of the first and second article = 1.22C1 + 0.92C2.

As the merchant did not make any profit or loss in the entire transaction, his combined selling price of article 1 and 2 is the same as the cost price of article 1 and 2.

Therefore, 1.22C1 + 0.92C2 = C1+C2 = 600
As C1 + C2 = 600, C2 = 600 - C1. Substituting this in 1.22C1 + 0.92C2 = 600, we get
1.22C1 + 0.92(600 - C1) = 600
or 1.22C1 - 0.92C1 = 600 - 0.92*600
or 0.3C1 = 0.08*600 = 48
or C1 = 48/(0.3) = 160.
If C1 = 160, then C2 = 600 - 160 = 440.
The item that is sold at loss is article 2. The selling price of article 2 = 0.92*C2 = 0.92*440 = 404.80.

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Q:

A shopkeeper who deals in books sold a book at 16% loss. Had she charged an additional Rs.60 while selling it , her profit would have been 14%. Find the cost price, in rupees, of the book ?

A) Rs. 185 B) Rs. 154
C) Rs. 200 D) Rs. 177
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 200

Explanation:

Let the C.P be 'x'
Then, the selling price S.P = x - 16x/100
= 84x/100 = 21x/25
Now, if the S.P is 60 more, then the profit is 14%
=> 21x/25 + 60 = x + 14x/100
=> 114x/100 - 21x/25 = 60
=> (57 - 42)x/50 = 60
=> 15x/50 = 60
x = 3000/15 = 200

Therefore, the Cost price C.P = x = Rs. 200

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Q:

In a certain store, the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increases by 25% but the selling price remains constant, approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit ?

A) 60% B) 50%
C) 70% D) 45%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 70%

Explanation:

Let C.P.= Rs. 100.
Then, Profit = Rs. 320,
S.P. = Rs. 420.

New C.P. = 125% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 125
New S.P. = Rs. 420.

Profit = Rs. (420 - 125) = Rs. 295

Required percentage = (295/420) * 100
= 70%(approx)

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