18
Q:

The marked price of an article is increased  by 25% and the selling price is increased by 16.66%, then the amount of profit doubles. If the original marked price  be Rs. 400 which is greater than the corresponding cost price by 33.33% , what is the increased selling price?

A) 240 B) 360
C) 420 D) 600

Answer:   C) 420

Explanation:

Initially                 CP           profit            SP                MP

                              100           x               (100+x)         133.33

After Change     100           2x             (100+x) \inline \frac{7}{6}  

Now,   Since (100+x)\inline \frac{7}{6}  - 100 = 2x

            \inline \Rightarrow  x= 20%

                         CP            Profit              SP             MP

                        100             20               120           133.33

So,                  300             60               360             400

Again             300            120              420

So the increased selling price = Rs. 420

Q:

A sold an article to B at 40% profit and B sold it to C at 50% profit, then what will be profit percent with respect to A ?

A) 97 % B) 110 %
C) 135 % D) 115 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 110 %

Explanation:

% Profit with respect to A = 40 + 50 + (40 x 50)/100 = 90 + 20 = 110 %.

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1 8
Q:

If a trader sold two cars each at Rs. 325475 and gains 12% on the first and loses 12% on the second, then his profit or loss percent on the whole is ?

A) 1.44% loss B) 14.4% loss
C) 0% D) 14.4% profit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1.44% loss

Explanation:

SP of each car is Rs. 325475, he gains 12% on first car and losses 12% on second car.
In this case, there will be loss and percentage of loss is given by

= [(profit%)(loss%)]/100 = (12)(12)/100 % = 1.44%

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0 19
Q:

A certain sum of money is invested for one year at a certain rate of simple interest. If the rate of interest is 3% higher, then the invest earned will be 25% more than the interest earned earlier. What is the earlier rate of interest ?

A) 4% p.a. B) 6% p.a.
C) 8% p.a. D) 12% p.a.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 12% p.a.

Explanation:

If the interest earned is 25% more than the earlier interest then the rate of interest also should be 25% higher than the earlier rate.
Let the earlier rate of interest be x%.
Now it will be (x + 3)%
% increase = (x + 3) - x/x * 100 = 25
=> x = 12%

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1 29
Q:

Arun purchased 30 kg of wheat at the rate of Rs. 11.50 per kg and 20 kg of wheat at the rate of 14.25 per kg. He mixed the two and sold the mixture. Approximately what price per kg should be sell the mixture to make 30% profit ?

A) Rs. 17.80 B) Rs. 16.30
C) Rs. 14 D) Rs. 15.40
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 16.30

Explanation:

C.P. of 50 kg wheat = (30 * 11.50 + 20 * 14.25) = Rs. 630.

S.P. of 50 kg wheat = 130% of Rs. 630 = 130/100 * 630 = Rs. 819.
S.P. per kg = 819/50 = Rs. 16.38 = 16.30.
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1 30
Q:

A driver of auto rickshaw makes a profit of 20% on every trip when he carries 3 passengers and the price of petrol is Rs. 30 a litre. Find the % profit for the same journey if he goes for 4 passengers per trip and the price of petrol reduces to Rs. 24 litres ?

A) 68% B) 80%
C) 75% D) 100%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 100%

Explanation:

When 3 passengers income was 3x
expense= Rs.30 
profit =20% of 30 = Rs.6 
That means his earning is Rs.36. so that per passenger fare must be Rs.12.

When 4 passengers
earning = 12x4=Rs.48.
expense =Rs.24.
profit = Rs.24 = 100%

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