18
Q:

The marked price of an article is increased  by 25% and the selling price is increased by 16.66%, then the amount of profit doubles. If the original marked price  be Rs. 400 which is greater than the corresponding cost price by 33.33% , what is the increased selling price?

A) 240 B) 360
C) 420 D) 600

Answer:   C) 420

Explanation:

Initially                 CP           profit            SP                MP

                              100           x               (100+x)         133.33

After Change     100           2x             (100+x) \inline \frac{7}{6}  

Now,   Since (100+x)\inline \frac{7}{6}  - 100 = 2x

            \inline \Rightarrow  x= 20%

                         CP            Profit              SP             MP

                        100             20               120           133.33

So,                  300             60               360             400

Again             300            120              420

So the increased selling price = Rs. 420

Q:

A person sold two cows each for Rs.9900. If he gained 10% on one and lost 20% on the other, then which of the following is true ?

A) He lost Rs. 200 B) He gained Rs. 200
C) Neither he gained nor lost D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) None of the above

Explanation:

In first he got Rs. 990

But in second he lost Rs. 1980

So he lost Rs. 990.

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1 12
Q:

The profit earned by selling an article for Rs. 832 is equal to the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs. 448. What should be the sale price for making 50% profit ?

A) Rs. 660 B) Rs. 560
C) Rs. 1060 D) Rs. 960
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 960

Explanation:

Let C.P. = Rs. C.
Then, 832 - C = C - 448
2C = 1280 => C = 640
Required S.P. = 150% of Rs. 640 = 150/100 x 640 = Rs. 960.

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2 31
Q:

The price of an article has been reduced by 35%. In order to restore the original price the new price must be increased by ?

A) 51.8 % B) 49.25 %
C) 47.2 % D) 53.84 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 53.84 %

Explanation:

100
65
-------
65 ------- 35
100 ------ ? => 53.84 %

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2 44
Q:

A trader marked the price of the T.V. 30% above the cost price of the T.V. and gave the purchaser 10% discount on the marked price, thereby gaining Rs.340. Find the cost price of the T.V ?

A) Rs. 2000 B) Rs. 1600
C) Rs. 2200 D) Rs. 2100
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 2000

Explanation:

Let 'x' be the cost price.
Now Marked price = x + 30x/100 = 13x/10
10% discount = 10/100 x 13x/10 = 13x/100
Selling price = 13x/10 - 13x/100 = 117x/100
Given gain = 340
Here gain = 117x/100 - x = 17x/100 = 340 => x = Rs. 2000.

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3 44
Q:

A man saves 20% of his monthly salary. If an account of dearness of things he is to increase his monthly expenses by 15%, he is only able to save Rs. 400 per month. What is his monthly salary ?

A) Rs. 6000 B) Rs. 4500
C) Rs. 5000 D) Rs. 6500
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 5000

Explanation:

Income = Rs. 100

Expenditure = Rs. 80

Savings = Rs. 20

Present Expenditure 80x(15/100) = Rs. 12 = 80 + 12 = Rs. 92

Present Savings = 100 – 92 = Rs. 8

100 ------ 8
? --------- 400 => 5000

His salary = Rs. 5000

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2 26