20
Q:

The marked price of an article is increased  by 25% and the selling price is increased by 16.66%, then the amount of profit doubles. If the original marked price  be Rs. 400 which is greater than the corresponding cost price by 33.33% , what is the increased selling price?

A) 240 B) 360
C) 420 D) 600

Answer:   C) 420



Explanation:

Initially                 CP           profit            SP                MP

                              100           x               (100+x)         133.33

After Change     100           2x             (100+x) \inline \frac{7}{6}  

Now,   Since (100+x)\inline \frac{7}{6}  - 100 = 2x

            \inline \Rightarrow  x= 20%

                         CP            Profit              SP             MP

                        100             20               120           133.33

So,                  300             60               360             400

Again             300            120              420

So the increased selling price = Rs. 420

Q:

The cost price of an article is 54% of the marked price. Calculate the gain percent after allowing a discount of 15%  ?

A) 51.32 % B) 49.23 %
C) 48.4 % D) 46.8 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 48.4 %

Explanation:

Let marked price = Rs. 100.
Then, C.P. = RS. 54,
S.P. = Rs. 85
Gain % = 31/64 x 100 = 48.4%.

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3 23
Q:

If a trader sold two cars each at Rs. 404415 and gains 15% on the first and loses 15% on the second, then his profit or loss percent on the whole is ?

A) 1.44 % B) 2.02 %
C) 1.04 % D) 2.25 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 2.25 %

Explanation:

SP of each car is Rs. 404415, he gains 15% on first car and losses 15% on second car.

In this case, there will be loss and percentage of loss is given by = [(profit%)(loss%)]/100
= (15)(15)/100 % = 2.25%
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1 22
Q:

What profit percent is made by selling an article at a certain price, if by selling at 2/3rd of that price, there would be a loss of 20%   ?

A) 30 % B) 25 %
C) 15 % D) 20 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 20 %

Explanation:

SP2 = 2/3 SP1
CP = 100
SP2 = 80
2/3 SP1 = 80

SP1 = 120
100 --- 20   => 20%

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4 118
Q:

A person sold two cows each for Rs.9900. If he gained 10% on one and lost 20% on the other, then which of the following is true ?

A) He lost Rs. 200 B) He gained Rs. 200
C) Neither he gained nor lost D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) None of the above

Explanation:

In first he got Rs. 990

But in second he lost Rs. 1980

So he lost Rs. 990.

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2 109
Q:

The profit earned by selling an article for Rs. 832 is equal to the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs. 448. What should be the sale price for making 50% profit ?

A) Rs. 660 B) Rs. 560
C) Rs. 1060 D) Rs. 960
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 960

Explanation:

Let C.P. = Rs. C.
Then, 832 - C = C - 448
2C = 1280 => C = 640
Required S.P. = 150% of Rs. 640 = 150/100 x 640 = Rs. 960.

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2 136