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Q:

In a zoo, there are rabbits and pigeons. If heads are counted, there are 340 heads and if legs are counted there are 1060 legs.How many pigeons are there?

A) 120 B) 150
C) 170 D) 180

Answer:   B) 150



Explanation:

Suppose there are all the pigeons then total no of heads are 340 and total no of legs are 680. 

Now, since 380 (1060-680) legs are extra, it means there will be 190 (380/2) rabbits.As we know a rabbit has two extra legs than that of a pigeon.

\inline \fn_jvn \therefore  number of rabbits =190

and number of pigeons = 340- 190 = 150

Q:

80 litres of diesel is required to travel 800 km using a 800 cc engine. If the volume of diesel required to cover a distance varies directly as the capacity of the engine, then how many litres of diesel is required to travel 1000 kms using 1200 cc engine ? 

A) 120 lit B) 140 lit
C) 110 lit D) 150 lit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 150 lit

Explanation:

To cover a distance of 800 kms using a 800 cc engine, the amount of diesel required = 80 litres.

=> the amount of diesel required to cover a distance of 1000 kms = 1000 x 80/800 = 100 litres

However, the vehicle uses a 1200 cc engine and it is given that the amount of diesel required varies directly as the engine capacity.

i.e., for instance, if the capacity of engine doubles, the diesel requirement will double too.

Therefore, with a 1200 cc engine, quantity of diesel required = 1200/800 x 100 = 150 litres.

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4 234
Q:

The sum of three numbers is 98. If the ratio of the first to the second is 2:3. And that of the second to the third is 5:8, then the second number is:

A) 10 B) 15
C) 20 D) 30
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 30

Explanation:

Let the three parts M, N, O.
Then, M:N = 2:3 and N:O = 5:8
= (5 x 3/5) : (8 x 3/5) = 3:24/5

M:N:O = 2:3:24/5

= 10:15:24 => N = 98 x 15/49 = 30.

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3 309
Q:

Rs. 2600 is divided into three parts A, B and C. How much A is more than C if their ratio is 1/2:1/3:1/4 ?

A) 600 B) 300
C) 150 D) 75
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 600

Explanation:

1/2:1/3:1/4 = 6:4:3

As the difference is 3

=> 3/13x2600 = 600

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4 302
Q:

If 6 men and 3 boys working together, can do four times as much work per hour as a man and a boy together. Find the ratio of the work done by a man and that of a boy for a given time  ?

A) 1 : 2 B) 2 : 1
C) 3 : 1 D) 1 : 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1 : 2

Explanation:

6M + 3B = 4(1M + 1B)
6M + 3B = 4M + 4B
2M = 1B

M/B = 1/2

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6 379
Q:

If k : l = 4 : 3 and l : m = 5 : 3, then find k : l : m ?

A) 18 : 24 : 11 B) 9 : 15 : 1
C) 20 : 15 : 9 D) 21 : 7 : 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 20 : 15 : 9

Explanation:

Given k : l = 4 : 3
l : m = 5 : 3

Then k : l : m = 20 : 15 : 9

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