147
Q:

Jo's collection contains US, Indian and British stamps. If the ratio of US to Indian stamps is 5 to 2 and the ratio of Indian to British stamps is 5 to 1, what is the ratio of US to British stamps?

A) 10 : 5 B) 15 : 2
C) 20 : 2 D) 25 : 2

Answer:   D) 25 : 2



Explanation:

Indian stamps are common to both ratios. Multiply both ratios by factors such that the Indian stamps are represented by the same number.

US : Indian = 5 : 2, and Indian : British = 5 : 1. Multiply the first by 5, and the second by 2. 

Now US : Indian = 25 : 10, and Indian : British = 10 : 2

Hence the two ratios can be combined and US : British = 25 : 2

Q:

The ratio of the incomes of Pavan and Amar is 4 : 3 and the ratio of their expenditures are 3:2. If each person saves Rs. 1889, then find the income of Pavan?

A) 6548 B) 5667
C) 7556 D) 8457
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 7556

Explanation:

Let ratio of the incomes of Pavan and Amar be 4x and 3x

and Ratio of their expenditures be 3y and 2y

4x - 3y = 1889 ......... I

and

3x - 2y = 1889 ...........II

I and II

y = 1889

and x = 1889

Pavan's income = 7556

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7 227
Q:

Maneela lent Rs. 8000 partly at the rate of 5% and partly at the rate of 6% per annum simple interest. The total interest she get after 2 years is Rs. 820, then in which ratio will Rs. 8000 is to be divided?

A) 7:1 B) 13:5
C) 15:7 D) 2:7
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 7:1

Explanation:

Maneela lent Rs. 8000 in two parts,

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6 403
Q:

The ratio of male and female in a city is 7 : 8 respectively and percentage of children among male and female is 25 and 20 respectively. If number of adult females is 156800, what is the total population of the city?

A) 4,12,480 B) 3,67,500
C) 5,44,700 D) 2,98,948
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 3,67,500

Explanation:

Let the total population be 'p'

Given ratio of male and female in a city is 7 : 8

In that percentage of children among male and female is 25% and 20%

=> Adults male and female % = 75% & 80%

But given adult females is = 156800

=> 80%(8p/15) = 156800

=> 80 x 8p/15 x 100 = 156800

=> p = 156800 x 15 x 100/80 x 8

=> p = 367500

Therefore, the total population of the city = p = 367500

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8 338
Q:

Two numbers are in the ratio 3 : 7. If 6 be added to each of them, then they are in the ratio 5 : 9. Find the numbers ?

A) 11 & 17 B) 7 & 17
C) 9 & 21 D) 13 & 23
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9 & 21

Explanation:

Let the two numbers be x and y

Given x : y = 3 : 7 .....(1)

Now, x+6 : y+6 = 5 : 9 .....(2)

From (1), x = 3y/7

From (2), 5y - 9x = 24

=> 5y - 9(3y/7) = 24

=> y = 21

=> From(1), x = 9

Hence, the two numbers be 9 and 21

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7 294
Q:

In a competitive exam, the number of passed students was four times the number of failed students. If there had been 35 fewer appeared students and 9 more had failed, the ratio of passed and failed students would have been 2 : 1, then the total number of students appered for the exam ?

A) 175 B) 165
C) 155 D) 145
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 155

Explanation:

Let the number of failed students be x

=> Number of passed students = 4x 

So total number of students was 5x

From the given data,

If total number of students be 5x – 35

=> 4x-35-9/x+9 = 2/1

=> 4x – 44 = 2(x + 9)

=> 4x – 2x = 18 + 44

=> x = 31

Total number = 31×5

= 155

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14 482