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Q:

The concentration of petrol in three different mixtures (petrol and kerosene) is 1/2 , 3/5 and 4/5 respectively. If 2 litres, 3 litres and 1 litre are taken from these three different vessels and mixed. what is the ratio of petrol and kerosene in the new mixture?

A) 4:5 B) 3:2
C) 3:5 D) 2:3

Answer:   B) 3:2

Explanation:

Concentration of petrol in    A        B        C

                                                1/2      3/5     4/5

Quantity of petrol taken from A = 1 litre out of 2 litre

Quantity of petrol taken from B = 1.8litre out of 3 litre

Quantity of petrol taken from C = 0.8 litre out of 1 litre

Therefore, total petrol taken out from A, B and C = 1+1.8+0.8 =3.6 litres

So, the quantity of kerosen =(2+3+1) - 3.6 =2.4 litre

Thus, the ratio of petrol to kerosene = 3.6/2.4 = 3/2

Q:

A sum is divided among K, L and M in such a way that for each rupee K gets, L gets 45 paisa and M gets 30 paisa. If the share of L is Rs. 27,  what is the total amount  ?

A) Rs. 159 B) Rs. 96
C) Rs. 147 D) Rs. 105
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 105

Explanation:

K : L : M = 100 : 45 : 30
              = 20 : 9 : 6

Given L share is 27

=> 9  ------  27
      35 ------  ?

      => 105

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2 83
Q:

The marks obtained by Vijay and Amith are in the ratio 4:5 and those obtained by Amith and Abhishek in the ratio of 3:2. The marks obtained by Vijay and Abhishek are in the ratio of ?

A) 4:5 B) 6:5
C) 3:2 D) 1:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 6:5

Explanation:

    4:5
    3:2
   -------
=> 12:15:10

 12:10

=> 6:5

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3 140
Q:

What is the equivalent compound ratio of 5:6::7:10::6:5  ?

A) 7 : 9 B) 9 : 7
C) 7 : 4 D) 7 : 10
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7 : 10

Explanation:

Given 5:6 :: 7:10 :: 6:5

We know that compound ratio is calculated as
a:b :: c:d :: e:f
(axcxe):(bxdxf)

=> (5x7x6):(6x10x5)
=> (210):(300)
= 7:10

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4 85
Q:

The incomes of two persons A and B are in the ratio 3:4. If each saves Rs.100 per month, the ratio of their expenditures is 1:2. Find their incomes  ?

A) 200, 400 B) 100, 300
C) 100, 200 D) 150, 200
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 150, 200

Explanation:

The incomes of A and B be 3P and 4P.

Expenditures = Income - Savings

(3P - 100) and (4P - 100)

The ratio of their expenditure = 1:2

(3P - 100):(4P - 100) = 1:2

2P = 100 => P = 50

Their incomes = 150, 200

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1 123
Q:

In a fort, there are 1200 soldiers. If each soldier consumes 3 kg per day, the provisions available in the fort will last for 30 days. If some more soldiers join, the provisions available will last for 25 days given each soldier consumes 2.5 kg per day. Find the number of soldiers joining the fort in that case ?

A) 693 B) 741
C) 528 D) 654
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 528

Explanation:

Assume x soldiers join the fort. 1200 soldiers have provision for 1200 (days for which provisions last them)(rate of consumption of each soldier)
= (1200)(30)(3) kg.

Also provisions available for (1200 + x) soldiers is (1200 + x)(25)(2.5) k

As the same provisions are available
=> (1200)(30)(3) = (1200 + x)(25)(2.5)

x = ([(1200)(30)(3)] / (25)(2.5)) - 1200 => x = 528.

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