5
Q:

There are two containers, the first one contains 1 litre pure water and the second one contains 1 litre pure milk.Now 5 cups of water from the first container is taken out  is mixed well in the second container. Then, 5 cups of this mixture is taken out and is mixed in the first container. Let A denote the proportion of milk in the first container and B denote the proportion of water in the second container then:

A) A B) A=B
C) A>B D) can't be determined

Answer:   B) A=B

Explanation:

Here the ratio of mixtures( i.e milk , water) doesnot matter. But the important point is that whether the total amount ( either pure or mixture ) being transferred is equal or not.Since the total amount ( i.e 5 cups) being transferred from each one to another , hence A =B.

Q:

A company requires 12,100 strength. Present employees are 400 ladies and 6400 gents. To reach the target how many ladies required to maintain the same ratio ?

A) 400 B) 600
C) 900 D) 700
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 900

Explanation:

6,400 gents, 2400 ladies in that company.
So total 8,800employees.
for 8,800 employees, we want 2400 ladies.
for 12,100employees we want how many ladies ?
=> (12,100/8,800) x 2400 = 3300.
So we want 3300 - 2400 = 900 more ladies.

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Q:

Rs. 7444 is divided among 5 ladies, 3 gents and 3 girls. The ratio of share of a lady, a gents and a girl is 7: 4: 3. What is the share of gents ?

A) Rs. 1595.14 B) Rs. 1793.4
C) Rs. 595.14 D) Rs. 1551.5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 1595.14

Explanation:

Ratio of the share of a lady, a gents and a girl is 7 : 4 : 3
No of ladies, gents and girls are 5, 3, 3
Thus effective ratio of ladies, gents and girls is 7 x 5 : 4 x 3 : 3 x 3 = 35 : 12 : 9
so part of gents = (12/56) x 7444 = Rs. 1595.142
so part of 1 gents = 1595.142/3 = Rs. 531.71.

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1 15
Q:

A Product is supported each week by the same three Product supporters. Last month the first supporter took 440 calls, the second took 360 calls, and the third took 300 calls. This month the job will consists of 1500 calls. If the three supporters each increase their work proportionately, how many more calls will the second supporter take this month than last month ?

A) 131 calls B) 160 calls
C) 491 calls D) 600 calls
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 131 calls

Explanation:

1st supporter recieve 440 calls
2nd supporter recieve 360 calls
3rd supporter recieve 300 calls

So total calls = 1100 calls ;
Calls this month= 1500
So remaining calls to be distributed is 400

So Now Ratio 1st:2nd:3rd ==> 440:360:300
=> 22:18:15

Now No. of More Calls 2nd supporter will get => [18/(22+18+15)] x 400
=> (18/55) x 400
=> 131 Calls
So 131 more Calls than last month.

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2 8
Q:

At the university entrance exam, a candidate is admitted according to whether he has passed or failed the test. Of the candidates who are really capable, 80 % pass the test and of the incapable, 30 % pass the test. Given that 40 % of the candidates are really capable, then the proportion of the really capable students who can pass the test to the total students who can pass is about ?

A) 11/24 B) 1/5
C) 16/25 D) 6/5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 16/25

Explanation:

If there are total 100 candidates,
40 candidates are really capable and
60 candidates are incapable.
Of the candidates who are really capable = 80%
40*(80/100)=32 pass the test and
of the incapable= 30%
60*(30/100)=18 pass the test.
Total candidates who passed the test = 32+18 = 50
The proportion of the really capable students who can pass the test to the total students who can pass = 32/50 = 16/25.

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2 27
Q:

Seats for Mathematics, Physics and Biology in a school are in the ratio 5 : 7 : 8. There is a proposal to increase these seats by 40%, 50% and 75% respectively. What will be the ratio of increased seats ?

A) 1 : 2 : 3 B) 2 : 3 : 4
C) 3: 4 : 5 D) 4 : 5 : 6
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 2 : 3 : 4

Explanation:

Seats for Mathematics, Physics and Biology in a school are in the ratio 5 : 7 : 8.

Seats for Mathematics, Physics and Biology in a school are 5x, 7x and 8x.

There is a proposal to increase these seats by 40%, 50% and 75% respectively.

Then Seats for Mathematics, Physics and Biology in a school will be

1.4 X 5x, 1.5 X 7x and 1.75 X 8x and

ratio will be 7 : 10.5 : 14  => 2:3:4.

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