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Q:

The food processing industry was touted to be a sunrise industry for India some years ago and, on the face of it , there was little reason to doubt that

Conclusions: 

I. India has an advantage in food processing because of the varied agro-climatic conditions and availabilty of raw materials.

II. Food processing is one of the basic industries which suports our lives.

A) If only conclusion I follows B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If neither I nor II follows D) If both I and II follow

Answer:   C) If neither I nor II follows

Explanation:

Which factors influence the food processing industry cannot be determined from the statement. Hence I does not follow. II does not follow because the statement doesn't give any clue about the industry's centrality to our lives.

Q:

Statements : National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage to self-sufficiency in the metal.

Conclusions :

a) Previously, India had to import aluminium.
b) With this speed, it can soon become a foreign exchange earner.

A) Only a follows B) Only b follows
C) Neither a nor b follows D) Both a and b follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both a and b follows

Explanation:

According to the statement, National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage in the past to self-sufficiency in the present. This means that previously, India had to import aluminium. So, I follows. Also, it can be deduced that if production increases at the same rate, India can export it in future. So, II also follows.

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Q:

Statements : Government has spoiled many top ranking financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors of these institutions.

Conclusions :

a) Government should appoint Directors of the financial institutes taking into consideration the expertise of the person in the area of finance.
b) The Director of the financial institute should have expertise commensurate with the financial work carried out by the institute.

A) Only a follows B) Only b follows
C) Both a & b follows D) Neither a nor b follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Both a & b follows

Explanation:

According to the statement, Government has spoiled financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors. This means that only those persons should be appointed as Directors who are experts in finance and are acquainted with the financial work of the institute. So, both a and b follows.

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Q:

Statements : All keys are locks.
All locks are bangles.
All bangles are cars.


Conclusion : a. Some cars are locks.
                    b. Some bangles are keys.
                    c. Some cars are keys.

A) Only a follows B) Only c follows
C) Only a & b follows D) a, b & c follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) a, b & c follows

Explanation:

All locks are bangles + All bangles are cars = A + A = A
= All locks are cars => Some cars are locks.
Hence conclusion (a) follows.
All keys are locks + All locks are bangles = A + A = A
= All keys are bangles => some bangles are keys.
Hence conclusion (b) follows.
All keys are bangles + All bangles are cars = A + A = A
= All keys are cars => Some cars are keys.
Hence conclusion (C) follows.

Thus all a, b and c follows.

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Q:

Statements : In a recent survey report, it has been stated that those who undertake physical exercise for at least half an hour a day are less prone to have any heart ailments.

Conclusions :

a) Moderate level of physical exercise is necessary for leading a healthy life.
b) All people who do desk-bound jobs definitely suffer from heart ailments.

A) Only a follows B) Both a & b follows
C) Only b follows D) Neither a nor b follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only a follows

Explanation:

The statement mentions that chances of heart ailments are greatly reduced by a regular half-hour exercise. So, a follows. However, it talks of only reducing the probability which does not mean that persons involved in sedentary jobs shall definitely suffer from heart ailments. So, b does not follow.

Hence, concusion a only follows the given statement.

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Q:

Question :

In a cricket team, the average age of eleven players in 28 years. What is the age of the captain?

Statements :

a. The captain is eleven years older than the youngest player.

b. The average age of 10 players, other than the captain is 27.3 years.

c. Leaving aside the captain and the youngest player, the average ages of three groups of three players each are 25 years, 28 years and 30 years respectively.

A) All a,b and c follows B) Only a and c follows
C) Either b alone or a & b follows D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Either b alone or a & b follows

Explanation:

From statement (b)
Average of 11 players = 11 x 28 = 308
Average of 10 players = 10 x 27.3 = 273
Age of captain = 308 - 273 = 35.

From the Statement (a) we can say that captain's age (C) = y + 11 ...(1) where y-youngers age
From the statement (c),the averge age of 3groups of 3players each was given,
It means total 9 players age was given indirectly,
1st group: 25 x 3 = 75
2nd group: 28 x 3 = 84
3rd group: 30 x 3 = 90
Total  is 75 + 84 + 90 = 249
Now {C + Y + (9 players age sum)}/11 = 28
Y + 11 + Y + (249) = 28 x 11=308
2Y+260=308
2Y = 308-260 = 40 ==> Y=24 ==> C(captain's age)= Y+11 = 24+11 = 35

Therefore, statement b alone or a & c only is the answer.

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