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Q:

In a public bathroom there are n taps 1,2,3...n. Tap1 and Tap2 take equal time to fill the tank while Tap3 takes half the time taken by Tap2 and Tap4 takes half the time taken by Tap3. Similarly each next number of tap takes half the time taken by previous number of Tap i.e, K-th  Tap takes half the time taken by (K-1)th Tap.

If the 10th tap takes 2 hours to fill the tank alone then what is the ratio of  efficiency of 8th tap and 12th tap, respectively?

A) 4:1 B) 5:3
C) 16:1 D) 1:16

Answer:   D) 1:16



Explanation:

Time taken by 8th tap = \inline 2\times 2\times 2 = 8 hours

and time taken by 12th tap = \inline 2\times \frac{1}{2}\times \frac{1}{2} = \inline \frac{1}{2} hour

Ratio of time taken by 8th 8th tap and 12th tap = \inline 8:\frac{1}{2} =16:1

Therefore, Ratio of efficiencies of 8th tap and 12th tap =1:16

Q:

A contractor undertake to finish a certain work in 124 days and employed 120 men. After 64 days, he found that he had already done 2/3 of the work. How many men can be discharged so that the work may finish in time ? 

A) 64 B) 62
C) 58 D) 56
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 56

Explanation:

Days remaining 124 – 64 = 60 days

Remaining work = 1 - 2/3 = 1/3

Let men required men for working remaining days be 'm'

So men required = (120 x 64)/2 = (m x 60)/1 => m = 64

Men discharge = 120 – 64 = 56 men.

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4 87
Q:

A can build a wall in 16 days while B can destroy it in 8 days. A worked for 5 days. Then B joined with A for the next 2 days. Find in how many days could A build the remaining wall ?

A) 12 days B) 14 days
C) 13 days D) 16 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 13 days

Explanation:

Now, Total work = LCM(16, 8) = 48

A's one day work = + 48/16 = + 3

B's one day work = - 48/8 = -6

Given A worked for 5 days to build the wall => 5 days work = 5 x 3 = + 15

2days B joined with A in working = 2(3 - 6) = - 6

Remaining Work of building wall = 48 - (15 - 6) = 39

Now this remaining work will be done by A in = 39/3 = 13 days.

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7 130
Q:

A mother can do a certain job in x hours. Her daughter takes twice as long to do the job. Working together, they can do the job in 6 hours. How many hours does the mother take to do the job ?

A) 3 B) 6
C) 9 D) 12
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9

Explanation:

The mother completes the job in x hours.
So, the daughter will take 2x hours to complete the same job.

 

In an hour, the mother will complete 1/x of the total job.
In an hour, the daughter will complete 1/2x of the total job.

 

So, if the mother and daughter work together, in an hour they will complete 1/x + 1/2x of the job.
i.e., in an hour they will complete 3/2x of the job.

 

The question states that they complete the entire task in 6 hours if they work together.
i.e., they complete 1/6 th of the task in an hour.

 

Equating the two information, we get 3/2x = 1/6
By solving for x, we get 2x = 18 or x = 9.

 

The mother takes 9 hours to complete the job.

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8 236
Q:

K can lay Highway road between two cities in 16 days. L can do the same job in 12 days. With the help of M, they completes the job in 4 days. How much days does it take for M alone to complete the work ?

A) 47/7 days B) 59/6 days
C) 48/5 days D) 57/5 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 48/5 days

Explanation:

Amount of work K can do in 1 day = 1/16

Amount of work L can do in 1 day = 1/12

Amount of work K, L and M can together do in 1 day = 1/4

Amount of work M can do in 1 day = 1/4 - (1/16 + 1/12) = 3/16 – 1/12 = 5/48

=> Hence M can do the job on 48/5 days = 9 (3/5) days  

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6 169
Q:

After working for 8 days, Hari Ram finds that only 1/3 rd of the work has been done. He employs Satya who is 60% as efficient as Hari Ram. How many days more would Satya take to complete the work ?

A) 24 1/2 days B) 25 3/2 days
C) 24 2/3 days D) 26 2/3 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 26 2/3 days

Explanation:

1/3 ---- 8

1 -------?
Hari can do total work in = 24 days

As satya is 60% efficient as Hari, then

Satya = 1/24 x 60/100 = 1/40

=> Satya can do total work in 40 days

1 ----- 40

2/3 ---- ? => 26 2/3 days.

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