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Q:

There are three boats B1, B2 and B3 working together they carry 60 people in each trip. One day an early morning B1 carried 50 people in few trips alone. When it stopped carrying the passengers B2 and B3 started carrying the people together. It took a total of 10 trips to carry 300 people by B1, B2 and B3. It is known that each day on an average 300 people cross the river using only one of the 3 boats B1, B2 and B3. How many trips it would take to B1, to carry 150 passengers alone?

A) 15 B) 30
C) 25 D) 10

Answer:   A) 15



Explanation:

Combined efficiency of all the three boats = 60 passenger/trip

Now, consider option(a)

15 trips and 150 passengers means efficiency  of B1 =  

which means in carrying 50 passengers B1 must has taken 5 trips. So the rest trips equal to 5 (10-5 = 5) in which B2 and B3 together carried remaining 250 (300 - 50 = 250) Passengers.

Therefore the efficiency of B2 and B3 = 

Since, the combined efficiency of B1, B2 and B3 is 60. Which is same as given in the first statement hence option(a) is correct.

Q:

A contractor undertake to finish a certain work in 124 days and employed 120 men. After 64 days, he found that he had already done 2/3 of the work. How many men can be discharged so that the work may finish in time ? 

A) 64 B) 62
C) 58 D) 56
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 56

Explanation:

Days remaining 124 – 64 = 60 days

Remaining work = 1 - 2/3 = 1/3

Let men required men for working remaining days be 'm'

So men required = (120 x 64)/2 = (m x 60)/1 => m = 64

Men discharge = 120 – 64 = 56 men.

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4 85
Q:

A can build a wall in 16 days while B can destroy it in 8 days. A worked for 5 days. Then B joined with A for the next 2 days. Find in how many days could A build the remaining wall ?

A) 12 days B) 14 days
C) 13 days D) 16 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 13 days

Explanation:

Now, Total work = LCM(16, 8) = 48

A's one day work = + 48/16 = + 3

B's one day work = - 48/8 = -6

Given A worked for 5 days to build the wall => 5 days work = 5 x 3 = + 15

2days B joined with A in working = 2(3 - 6) = - 6

Remaining Work of building wall = 48 - (15 - 6) = 39

Now this remaining work will be done by A in = 39/3 = 13 days.

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7 129
Q:

A mother can do a certain job in x hours. Her daughter takes twice as long to do the job. Working together, they can do the job in 6 hours. How many hours does the mother take to do the job ?

A) 3 B) 6
C) 9 D) 12
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9

Explanation:

The mother completes the job in x hours.
So, the daughter will take 2x hours to complete the same job.

 

In an hour, the mother will complete 1/x of the total job.
In an hour, the daughter will complete 1/2x of the total job.

 

So, if the mother and daughter work together, in an hour they will complete 1/x + 1/2x of the job.
i.e., in an hour they will complete 3/2x of the job.

 

The question states that they complete the entire task in 6 hours if they work together.
i.e., they complete 1/6 th of the task in an hour.

 

Equating the two information, we get 3/2x = 1/6
By solving for x, we get 2x = 18 or x = 9.

 

The mother takes 9 hours to complete the job.

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8 233
Q:

K can lay Highway road between two cities in 16 days. L can do the same job in 12 days. With the help of M, they completes the job in 4 days. How much days does it take for M alone to complete the work ?

A) 47/7 days B) 59/6 days
C) 48/5 days D) 57/5 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 48/5 days

Explanation:

Amount of work K can do in 1 day = 1/16

Amount of work L can do in 1 day = 1/12

Amount of work K, L and M can together do in 1 day = 1/4

Amount of work M can do in 1 day = 1/4 - (1/16 + 1/12) = 3/16 – 1/12 = 5/48

=> Hence M can do the job on 48/5 days = 9 (3/5) days  

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6 168
Q:

After working for 8 days, Hari Ram finds that only 1/3 rd of the work has been done. He employs Satya who is 60% as efficient as Hari Ram. How many days more would Satya take to complete the work ?

A) 24 1/2 days B) 25 3/2 days
C) 24 2/3 days D) 26 2/3 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 26 2/3 days

Explanation:

1/3 ---- 8

1 -------?
Hari can do total work in = 24 days

As satya is 60% efficient as Hari, then

Satya = 1/24 x 60/100 = 1/40

=> Satya can do total work in 40 days

1 ----- 40

2/3 ---- ? => 26 2/3 days.

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