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Q:

A contractor  undertook a project to complete it in 20 days which needed 5 workers to work continuously for all the days estimated. But before the start of the work the client wanted to complete it earlier than the scheduled time, so the contractor calculated that  he needed to increase 5 additional  men every 2 days to complete the work in the time the client wanted it:

If the work was further increased by 50% but the contractor continues to increase the 5 workers o every 2 days then how many more days are required over the initial time specified by the  client.

A) 1 day B) 2 days
C) 5 days D) None of these

Answer:   B) 2 days

Explanation:

Total work = 100+50 = 150man-days

In 8 days 100 man-days work  has been completed. Now on 9th and 10th day there will be 25 workers. So in 2 days they wll complete additional 50 man- days work. Thus the work requires 2 more days.

Q:

Sixty men can stitch 150 shirts in 30 days working 8 hours a day. In how many days can 35 men stitch 200 shirts working 6 hours a day ?

A) 87.5 B) 89
C) 91.5 D) 93.5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 91.5

Explanation:

We have M1 D1 H1 / W1 = M2 D2 H2 / W2 (Variation rule)
(60 x 30 x 8)/ 150 = (35 x D2 x 6) / 200
D2 = (60 x 30 x 8 x 200) / (150 x 35 x 6) => D2 = 91.42 days =~ 91.5 days.

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Q:

A can complete a piece of work in 12 days and B is 60% more efficient than A. In how many days B will complete the same work  ?

A) 8.7 hrs B) 5.2 hrs
C) 5 hrs D) 7.5 hrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7.5 hrs

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 160 : 100
A can do the work in 12 days
Let B can do the work in "D" days
=> 160:100 = 12 : D
=> D = 12 x 100/160 = 7.5 hrs

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Q:

A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in half the time taken by A. then, working together, what part of the same work they can finish in a day ?

A) Total work B) One-fourth work
C) Half work D) Two-third work
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Half work

Explanation:

A can do the work = 18 days
B can do the work = 18/2 = 9 days
(A + B)'s 1 day work = 1/18 + 1/9 = 1/6
=> In 3 days = 3x1/6 = 1/2 work is completed.

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Q:

10 boys can complete a work in 7 days and 10 girls take 14 days to complete the work. How many days will 5 boys and 10 girls take to complete the work ?

A) 13 days B) 10 days
C) 7 days D) 16 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 7 days

Explanation:

1 boy's 1 day work = 1/70
1 girl's 1 day work = 1/140
(5 boys + 10 girls)'s 1 day work
= (5/70 + 10/140) = (1/14 + 1/14) = 1/7

5 boys and 10 girls will complete the work in 7 days.

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Q:

A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days  ?

A) 9 days B) 11 days
C) 13 days D) 15 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 13 days

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 100 : 130 = 10 : 13.
Suppose B takes x days to do the work.

Then, 10 : 13 :: 23 : x     =>     x = ( 23 x 13/10 )     =>     x = 299 /10.

A's 1 day's work = 1/23 ;
B's 1 day's work = 10/299 .

(A + B)'s 1 day's work = ( 1/23 + 10/299 ) = 23/299 = 113 .

Therefore, A and B together can complete the work in 13 days. 

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