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Q:

A single reservoir supplies the petrol to the whole city, while the reservoir is fed by a single pipeline filling the reservoir with the stream of uniform volume. When the reservoir is full and if 40,000 liters of petrol is used daily, the suply fails in 90 days.If 32,000 liters of petrol is used daily, it fails in 60 days. How much petrol can be used daily with out the supply ever failing? 

A) 64000 liters B) 56000 liters
C) 78000 liters D) 60000 liters

Answer:   B) 56000 liters

Explanation:

Let x liter be the per day filling and v litr be the capacity of the reservoir, then 

      90x + v = 40000 * 90     -----(1)

      60x + v= 32000 * 60     ------(2)

solving eq.(1) and (2) , we get

      x = 56000

Hence , 56000 liters per day can be used without the failure of supply.

Q:

One girl can eat 112 chocolates in half a minute, and her boy friend can eat half as many in twice the length of time. How many chocolates can both boy and girl eat in 12 seconds ?

A) 44 B) 32
C) 56 D) 49
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 56

Explanation:

Girl eats 112 chocolates in 30 sec
so she can eat in 12 sec is 12 x 112/30 = 44.8 chocolates.

Her boy friend can eat one-half of 112 in twice of 30 sec
so he can eat 56 in 60 sec
Then he can eat in 12 sec is 56 x 12/60 = 11.2 chocolates.

Hence, together they can eat
=> 44.8 + 11.2
56 chocolates in 12 seconds.

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4 9
Q:

Two boys and a girl can do a work in 5 days, while a boy and 2 girls can do it in 6 days. If the boy is paid at the rate of 28$ a week, what should be the wages of the girl a week ?

A) 24 $ B) 22 $
C) 16 $ D) 14 $
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 16 $

Explanation:

Let the 1 day work of a boy=b and a girl=g, then
2b + g = 1/5 ---(i) and
b + 2g = 1/6 ---(ii)
On solving (i) & (ii), b=7/90, g=2/45
As payment of work will be in proportion to capacity of work and a boy is paid $ 28/week,
so a girl will be paid 28x  = 16 $.

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2 8
Q:

A constructor estimates that 4 people can paint Mr. Karthik's house in 6 days. If he uses 5 people instead of 4, how long will they take to complete the job ?

A) 3 days B) 26/3 days
C) 13/4 days D) 24/5 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 24/5 days

Explanation:

we know that m1 x d1 = m2 x d2
=> 4 x 6 = 5 x d
where d = no. of days taken by 5 men to paint
d = 24/5 days.

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3 15
Q:

6 boys and 8 girls can do job in 10 days , 26 boys & 48 women do work in 2 days. Find time taken by 15 boys and 20 girls to do same work ?

A) 2 days B) 3 days
C) 4 days D) 5 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 4 days

Explanation:

One day work of 6 boys and 8 girls is given as 6b + 8g = 1/10 -------->(I)
One day work of 26 boys and 48 women is given as 26b + 48w = 1/2 -------->(II)

Divide both sides by 2 in (I) and then multiply both sides by 5
Now we get
15b + 20g = 1/4.
Therefore, 15 boys and 20 girls can do the same work in 4 days.

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4 12
Q:

In a regular week, there are 5 working days and for each day, the working hours are 8. A man gets Rs. 2.40 per hour for regular work and Rs. 3.20 per hours for overtime. If he earns Rs. 432 in 4 weeks, then how many hours does he work for ?

A) 145 B) 165
C) 175 D) 135
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 175

Explanation:

Given that
working days = 5;
working hours = 8;
A man get rupess per hour is Rs.2.40;
So in one day the man get total rupees is 2.40 x 8 = 19.2
So in 5 days week the man get total rupees is 19.2 x 5 = 96
So in 4 week the man get total rupees is 96 x 4 = 384
So the man worked for = 160hours in 4 weeks
But given that the man earned Rs.432
Hence remaning money is (432-384 = 48)which is earn by doing overtime work
Overtime hours is = 48/3.20 = 15
So total worked hours is = 15 + 160 = 175.

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