1. Answer (b)
Santosh , Ujjwal and Varun must each receive at least three pieces, but Tarun must receive at least four pieces. The maximum number of pieces that any person may receive is six ( 6 + 3+ 3+3 = 15 ), and only Tarun may receive six pieces. Ujjwal and Varun each may receive as many as five pieces, while Santosh may receive only four pieces at maximum.
At least one pear.
2. Answer (c)
Varun may receive no more than five pieces and Tarun may receive no fewer than four pieces. As a result, if Varun receives more pieces than Tarun, then Varun must receive five pieces, and Tarun must receive four pieces. Thus, statement (a) must be true. Since Varun will receive five pieces, none of the other three friends will receive any apple, accordingly, each of the other three friends must receive at least one orange and at least one pear. Thus, statement (b) and (d) must be true.