21
Q:

From the 50 liters of milk, 5 liters of milk is taken out and after it 5 liters of water is added to the rest amount of milk. Again 5 liters of milk and water is drawn out and it was replaced by 5 liters of water. If this process is continued  similarly for the third time, the amount of milk left after the third replacement: 

A) 45L B) 36.45L
C) 40.5L D) 42.5L

Answer:   B) 36.45L



Explanation:

General Formula:

Final or reduced concentration = initial concentration x 1-amount being replaced in each operationtotal amountn

where n is the number of times the same operation is being repeated. The "amount being replaced" could be pure or mixture as per the case. similarly ,"total amount" could also be either pure or mixture. Here amount being replaced denotes the quantity which is to be withdrawn in each time.

 

Therefore,    50×1-5503

= 36.45 L

Q:

In a mixture of 165 litres, the ratio of liquids X and Y is 6 : 5. If 5 litres of liquid Y is added in the mixture, then what is the ratio of X and Y in the new mixture?

 

A) 10 : 9 B) 8 : 7  
C) 9 : 8   D) 5 : 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9 : 8  

Explanation:
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0 453
Q:

25 litres of a mixture contains 30% of spirit and rest water. If 5 litres of water be mixed in it, the percentage of spirit in the new mixture is

 

A) 45% B) 33 1/3%
C) 25 % D) 12 1/2%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 25 %

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4 493
Q:

The ratio of sand to gravel in a mixture is 17 : 9 while that between gravel and cement is 6 : 17. What is the ratio of sand to cement in the mixture?

 

 

A) 289 : 54 B) 9 : 6
C) 17 : 17 D) 2 : 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 2 : 3

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2 459
Q:

Rahul adds 2 litres of alcohol in 6 litres of water and Dinesh adds 1 litres of alcohol in 9 litres of water. What is the ratio of the percentage of alcohol in the two mixtures?

 

A) 7 : 4 B) 2 : 1
C) 5 : 2 D) 8 : 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 5 : 2

Explanation:
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4 554
Q:

In what ratio salt costing Rs 13/kg mixed with another salt costing Rs 7/ kg to get a mixture costing Rs 9/kg?

 

A) 4 : 7   B) 3 : 5  
C) 2 : 3   D) 1 : 2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 1 : 2

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2 378
Q:

In an alloy of German silver. the ratio of copper to zinc was 21 : 16 while that of nickel to zinc was 7 : 24. What was the ratio of copper to zinc to nickel in the alloy?

 

A) 21 : 16 : 7 B) 17 : 21 : 4
C) 63 : 48 : 14 D) 68 : 28 : 21
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 63 : 48 : 14

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4 1038
Q:

Vipin adds 3 litres of liquid A in 6 litres of liquid B and Mohit adds 8 litres of liquid A in 15 litres of liquid B. What is the ratio of the percentage of liquid B in the two mixtures?

 

A) 26 : 25 B) 51 : 32
C) 46 : 45 D) 34 : 25
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 46 : 45

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5 503
Q:

Two vessels of equal volume contain milk and water in the ratio 1:3 and 2:1. If they are mixed together, what is the new ratio?

A) 11:13 B) 13:11
C) 9:11 D) 11:9
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 11:13

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4 568