# Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions

## What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.

• #### Volume and Surface Area

Q:

What is the next number in this series ?

4, 6, 12, 18, 30, 42, 60, ?

 A) 71 B) 72 C) 73 D) 69

Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 72

Explanation:

With close observation, you will note that each number in the list is in the middle of two prime numbers. Thus:

4 is in the middle of 3 and 5, 6 is in the middle of 5 and 7, 12 is in the middle of 11 and 13, 18 is in the middle of 17 and 19, 30 is in the middle of 29 and 31. 42 is in the middle of 41 and 43, 60 is in the middle of 59 and 61.

Therefore, the next number would be the one that is in the middle of the next two prime numbers, which is 72 (which is in the middle of 71 and 73).

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9 156685
Q:

Find the missing number in the following Series ?

18, 97, 26, 91, ? , 83

 A) 32 B) 36 C) 30 D) 34

Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 34

Explanation:

The given series follows the pattern that,

18, 97, 26, 91, ?, 83

=> 18 + 8 = 26

=> 97 - 8 = 91

=> 26 + 8 = 34

=> 91 - 8 = 83

Hence, the missing number is 34.

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15 155296
Q:

A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:

 A) No profit, no loss B) 5% C) 8% D) 10%

Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 5%

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

Gain =(80/1600*100) % = 5%

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1118 155221
Q:

7 9 19 18 31 29

Find the odd number in the given Number Series?

 A) 31 B) 29 C) 18 D) 19

Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 29

Explanation:

Here the given number series follows a pattern of two alternate series.

1. 7 19 31 ...(Difference of 12)

2. 9 18 27 ...(Difference of 9)

Here the odd number is 29 instead of 27

And the next number is 31 + 12 = 43 & 27 + 9 = 36

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15 149436
Q:

10 25 45 54 60 75 85

Find the Odd Number?

 A) 54 B) 10 C) 45 D) 85

Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 54

Explanation:

In given Series, all the numbers except 54 are multiples of 5.

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28 147033
Q:

what is the missing number in the sequence given below?

12  9  13.50  30.37  ?  341.71

 A) 87.63 B) 91.12 C) 93.41 D) 97.94

Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 91.12

Explanation:

Given number series is 12  9  13.5  30.3  ?  341.7

Here the pattern followed by the series is

12

12 x 0.75 = 9

9 x 1.5 = 13.5

13.5 x 2.25 = 30.3

30.37 x 3 = 91.12

91.12 x 3.75 = 341.71

Hence, the missing number in the sequence is 91.12.

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11 146161
Q:

If each side of a square is increased by 25%, find the percentage change in its area?

 A) 65.25 B) 56.25 C) 65 D) 56

Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 56.25

Explanation:

let each side of the square be a , then area = $a2$

As given that The side is increased by 25%, then

New side = 125a/100 = 5a/4

New area = $5a42$

Increased area= $25a216-a2$

Increase %=$9a2/16a2*100$  % = 56.25%

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982 145947
Q:

A bag contains 4 white, 5 red and 6 blue balls. Three balls are drawn at random from the bag. The probability that all of them are red, is:

 A) 2/91 B) 1/22 C) 3/22 D) 2/77

Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2/91

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space.

Then, n(S) = number of ways of drawing 3 balls out of 15 = $15C3$  =$15*14*133*2*1$= 455.

Let E = event of getting all the 3 red balls.

n(E) = $5C3$ = $5*42*1$ = 10.

=> P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 10/455 = 2/91.

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238 144558