Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions

What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?

Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.

Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.

One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.

We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.

• Theme Detection

Q:

All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees

Conclusions:

1. Some angels are toys

2. Some trees are flowers

3. Some flowers are angels

 A) None follows B) Only 1 follows C) Only 2 follows D) Only 1 and 3 follow

Explanation:

All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees

Since the middle term 'toys' is not distributed even once in the premises,no definite conclusion follows.

Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees

Since both premises are particular,no definite conclusion an be drawn

6 10512
Q:

Some boys are men. No man is black

Conclusions:

1. Some boys are not black

2. Some men are boys

 A) Only 1 follows B) Only 2 follows C) Either 1 or 2 follows D) Neither 1 nor 2 follows

Explanation:

Since one premise is negative , the conclusion must be negative. so 2 does not follow and only 1 follows

21 10460
Q:

I. ,

II.

Solve both the equations to find the values of a and b  ?

 A) if a > b B) if a < b C) if the relationship between a and b cannot be established. D) if a ≤ b

Explanation:

I.  (a - 3)(a - 4) = 0

=> a = 3, 4

II.   (b - 2)(b - 1) = 0

=> b = 1, 2

=> a > b

1 10298
Q:

I.  Class A has a higher enrollment than Class B.

II. Class C has a lower enrollment than Class B.

III.Class A has a lower enrollment than Class C.

If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

 A) true B) false C) uncertain D) none

Explanation:

From the first two statements, we know that of the three classes, Class A has the highest enrollment, so the third statement must be false.

18 10078
Q:

Some mountains are hillocks. Some mountains are rivers. Some mountains are valleys.

Conclusions:

1. All mountains are either hillocks or rivers or valleys

2. No valley is river

3. Some river are valleys

 A) None follows B) Only 1 follows C) Only 2 and 3 follow D) Only 3 follows

Explanation:

2 and 3 are the satements involving the extreme terms of the last 2 premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either 2 or 3 follows

12 9852
Q:

Seven people A, B, C, D, E, F and G live on separate floors of a 7-floor building. Ground floor is numbered 1, first floor is numbered. 2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7. Each one of these having a different cars-Cadillac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti, Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo but not necessarily in the same order. Only three people live above the floor on which A lives. Only one person lives between A and the one having a car Cadillac. F lives immediately below the one having a car Bedford. The one having a car Bedford lives on an even-numbered floor. Only three people live between the ones having a car Cadillac and Maruti. E lives immediately above C. E is not having a car Maruti. Only two people live between B and the one having a car Fargo. The one having a car Fargo lives below the floor on which B lives. The one having a car Fiat does not live immediately above D or immediately below B. D does not live immediately above or immediately below A. G does not have a car Ambassador.

Question :

How many people live between the floors on which D and the one having a car Bedford ?

 A) One B) Two C) Three D) Four

Explanation:

Above is the table obtained from the given information in the passage.

There are two people (B & G) live between the floors on which D and the one having a car Bedford.

17 9848
Q:

All snakes are trees. Some trees are roads. All roads are mountains.

Conclusions:

1. Some mountains are snakes

3. Some mountains are trees

 A) Only 1 follows B) Only 2 follows C) Only 3 follows D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

All snakes are trees. Some trees are roads.

Since the middle term is not distributed even once in the premises,so no conclusion follows

Since one primise is particular,the conclusion must be particularand should'nt contain the middle term. So,it follows that 'Some trees are mountains'. 3 is the converse of this statement and so it holds.

All snakes are trees. Some trees are mountains.

Since the middle term is not distributed even once in the preises, so no definite conclusion follows

18 9440
Q:

Some blades are hammers. Some hammers are knives. Some knives are axes.

Conclusions:

1. Some axes are hammers