Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions


What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?

 

Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.

 

Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.

 

One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.

 

We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.


Q:

Should there be only a uniform rate of income tax irrespective of the level of income?

Arguments :

I. Yes. This will substantially reduce the work of the officials of the income tax department.

II. No. This will reduce Govt tax collection to a large extent

A) If only argument I is strong B) If only argument II is strong
C) If neither I nor II is strong D) If both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only argument II is strong

Explanation:

I is weak because reduction of workload of IT officials is not too desirable a motive. II is strong because reduced tax collection will have a bad impact on state activities.

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Q:

Although most of the fastest growing jobs in today's economy will require a college degree, many of the new jobs being created-from home health aide to desktop publisher-require knowledge other than that gained from earning a degree. For workers in those jobs, good basic skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in getting a job and developing a career. 

 

From the information given above it can be validly concluded that, in today's economy,

A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher B) the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher

Explanation:

According to the above passage only the argument "the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree" is true

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Q:

Should all the factories in the cities be shifted to the outskirts, far away from the main city?

Arguments :

I. Yes. This is an essential step for controlling pollution in the city.

II. No. Such a step will lead to lot of inconvenience to the employees of the factories and their families as well

A) If only argument I is strong B) If only argument II is strong
C) If neither I nor II is strong D) If both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only argument I is strong

Explanation:

I is strong because pollution control is highly desirable. II is weak. There may be some inconvenience initially but in fact their families would live better lives in the outskirts.

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Q:

The 'M' Cooperative housing society has put up a notice at its gate that sales persons are not allowed inside the society

Assumptions: 

1. All the sales persons stay away from 'M' Cooperation society

2. The security guard posted at the gate may be able to stop the sales persons entering the society

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

Since both the assumptions follow from the given statement,So both 1 and 2 are implicit

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Q:

A study of native born residents in Newland found that two-thirds of the children developed considerable levels of nearsightedness after starting school, while their illiterate parents and grandparents, who had no opportunity for formal schooling, showed no signs of this disability.

 

If the above statements are true, which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by them?

A) Only people who have the opportunity for formal ...........schooling develop nearsightedness. B) The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work.

Explanation:

Acording to the above stated passage only the argument " The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work." will be true

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Q:

Should government jobs in rural areas have more incentives

Arguments:

1. Yes. Incentives are essential for attracting government servants there

2. No. Rural areas are already cheaper,healthier and less complex than big cities .So,why offer extra incentives!

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 or 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 is true

Explanation:

Government jobs in rural are underlined with several difficulties in love of these .In lieu of these ,extra incentives are needed

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Q:

Should india have no military force at all? 

Arguments:

1. No. Other countries in world would not believe in non-voilence

2. Yes. Many Indians believe in non-voilance

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true

Explanation:

Clearly.India need to maintain military force inorder to defend itself againsts the threats of other military powers in the world.So,none of the arguments holds strong

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Q:

No national productivity measures are available for underground industries that may exist but remain unreported. On the other hand, at least some industries that are run entirely by self-employed industrialists are included in national productivity measures. 

 

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are underground industries B) no industries that are run entirely by self-employed industrialists operate underground
C) there are at least some industries other than those run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are underground industries D) there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are not underground industries
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) there are at least some industries run entirely by self-employed industrialists that are not underground industries

Explanation:

D is the only argument that will be apt for the passage

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