FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  PARTNERSHIP  PROBLEMS

 

 

Partnership: When two or more than two persons run a business jointly, they are called partners and the deal is known as partnership.

 

Ratio of Division of Gains:

(i) When investments of all the partners are for the same time, the gain or loss is distributed a among the partners in the ratio of their investments. Suppose A and B invest Rs. x and Rs. y respectively for a year in a business, then at the end of the year (A’s share of profit) : (B's share of profit) = x : y.

 

(ii) When investments are for different time periods, then equivalent capitals are calculated for a unit of time by taking (capital x number of units of time). Now, gain or loss is divided in the ratio of these capitals. Suppose A invests Rs. x for p months and B invests Rs. y for q months, then (A’s share of profit) : (B's share of profit) = xp : yq.

 

Working and Sleeping Partners: A partner who manages the business is known as a working partner and the one who simply invests the money is a sleeping partner.

Q:

X and Y invested in a business. They earned some profit which they divided in the ratio of 2 : 3. If X invested Rs. 40,000, the amount invested by Y is :

A) 20000 B) 40000
C) 60000 D) 80000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 60000

Explanation:

Suppose Y invested Rs. y. Then 40000/y = 2/3 or y = 60000 .

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

12 15102
Q:

Reena and Shaloo are partners in a business, Reena invests Rs, 35,000 for 8 months and Shaloo invests Rs. 42,000 for 10 months, out of a profit of  Rs. 31,570, Reena's share is :

A) 12628 B) 18245
C) 11235 D) 10253
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 12628

Explanation:

Ratio of their shares = (35000 * 8) : (42000 * 10) = 2 : 3.

Reena's share Rs. 31570 * (2 / 5) = Rs. 12628.

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

15 15075
Q:

A and B start a business, with A investing the total capital of Rs.50000, on the condition that B pays A interest @ 10% per annum on his half of the capital. A is a working partner and receives Rs.1500 per month from the total profit and any profit remaining is equally shared by both of them. At the end of the year, it was found that the income of A is twice that of B. Find the total profit for the year?

A) Rs. 39000 B) Rs. 49000
C) Rs. 59000 D) Rs. 69000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 59000

Explanation:

Interest received by A from B = 10% of half of Rs.50000 = 10% of Rs. 25000 = Rs.2500.

Amount received by A per annum for being a working partner = 1500 x 12 = Rs.18000

Let 'P' be the part of the remaining profit that A receives as his share.

So,total income of A = (Rs.2500 + Rs.18000 + Rs. P )

Total income of B = only his share from the remaining profit = 'P', as  A and B share the remaining profit equally.

 

We know that income of A = Twice the income of B 

So, (2500 + 18000 + P ) = 2(P)

P = 20500

 

Thus, the total profit = 2P + Rs.18000

= 2(20500) + 18000 = Rs.59000.

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

21 14238
Q:

A starts business with Rs. 3500 and after 5 months, B joins with A as his partner. After a year, the profit is divided in the ratio 2 : 3. What is B's contribution in the capital?

A) Rs. 7500 B) Rs. 8000
C) Rs. 8500 D) Rs. 9000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 9000

Explanation:

Let B's capital be Rs. x

 

Then,3500×127x=23

=> 14x = 126000 

=> x = 9000.

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

14 13660
Q:

A, B, C subscribe Rs. 50,000 for a business, A Subscribes Rs. 4000 more than B and B Rs. 5000 more thanC. Out of a total profit  of Rs. 35,000, A receives :

A) 14700 B) 15000
C) 12000 D) 13500
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 14700

Explanation:

Let C = x. Then, B = x + 5000  and A =  x + 5000 + 4000 = x + 9000.

So,  x + x + 5000 + x + 9000 = 50000  <=>  3x = 36000  <=>

x = 12000.

A : B : C =  21000 : 17000 : 12000 = 21 : 17 : 12.

A's share = Rs. (35000 * 21/50 ) = Rs. 14,700.

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

15 13530
Q:

A, B and C enter into a partnership and their shares are in the ratio 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4. After 2 months, A withdraws half of his capital and after 10 months, a profit of Rs. 378 is divided among them. What is B's share ?

A) 144 B) 169
C) 225 D) 339
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 144

Explanation:

Ratio of initial investments = 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4 = 6 : 4 : 3.

 

Let their initial investments be 6x, 2x and 3x respectively.

 

A : B : C = (6x * 2 + 3x * 10) : (4x * 12) : (3x * 12) = 42 : 48 : 36 = 7 : 8 : 6.

 

B's share = Rs. (378*8/21)  = Rs. 144.

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

21 12790
Q:

A and B enter into partnership. A supplies whole of the capital amounting to Rs. 45000 with the condition that the profits to be equally divided and that B pays A interest on half of the capital at 10% per annum, but receives Rs. 120 per month for carrying on the concern.Find their total yearly profit when B's income is one half of A's income.

Answer

Let the total profit be Rs. x


Amount paid to B as salary = (120 x 12)


                                       = Rs.1440


Share of each = \inline (\frac{x-1440}{2})


Interest paid by B = \inline \frac{22500\times 10}{100}=Rs.2250


Total money received by  A = \inline \frac{x-1440}{2}+2250


                                       = Rs.\inline (\frac{x+3060}{2})


Total money received by B


\inline [(\frac{x-1440}{2})+1440-2250]= (\frac{x-3060}{2})


\inline \Rightarrow \frac{1}{2}-(\frac{x+3060}{2})-(\frac{x-3060}{2})


\inline \Rightarrow x=9180 

Report Error

View answer Workspace Report Error Discuss

44 12351
Q:

Anand and Deepak started a business investing Rs. 22,500 and Rs. 35,000 respectively. Out of a total profit of Rs. 13,800, Deepak's share is :

A) 8400 B) 8200
C) 8100 D) 8000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 8400

Explanation:

Ratio of their shares = 22500 : 35000 = 9 : 14.

Deepak's share = Rs. (13800 * 14/23) = Rs. 8400.

Report Error

View Answer Report Error Discuss

30 11774