Alligation or Mixture Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  ALLIGATION  OR  MIXTURE  QUESTIONS

 

 

I. Alligation : It is the rule that enables us to find the ratio in which two or more ingredients at the given price must be mixed to produce a mixture of a desired price.

 

II. Mean Price : The cost price of a unit quantity of the mixture is called the mean price.

 

III. Rule of Alligation : Suppose Rs.x per unit be the price of first ingradient mixed with another ingradient (cheaper) of price Rs.y per unit to form a mixture whose mean price is Rs. z per unit, then 

Quantity of cheaper : Quantity of dearer

       = ( C.P of dearer - Mean Price ) : ( Mean Price - C. P of cheaper )

       = ( x- z ) : ( z - y )

 

 IV. Suppose a container contains x units of liquid from which y units are taken out and replaced by water. After  operations , the quantity of pure liquid = x1-yxn units.

 

Q:

5 litres of honey contains 80% sugar. 3 litres of water is added to this honey. What is the percentage of sugar in the new mixture?

 

A) 40 B) 50
C) 60 D) 75
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 50

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7 967
Q:

In a mixture of 25 litres, the ratio of milk to water is 4:1. Another 3 litres of water is added to the mixture. The ratio of milk to water in the new mixture is

A) 5:1 B) 5:2
C) 5:3 D) 5:4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 5:2

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1 941
Q:

A mixture contains acid and water in the ratio of 7 : 3. If 4 litres of water is added to it, then the ratio of acid and water becomes 7 : 4. What is the quantity (in litres) of acid in the mixture?

 

A) 28 B) 22
C) 20 D) 32
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 28

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2 937
Q:

In a mixture, ink and water are in the ratio of 8 : 5. If 24 litres of water is added to the mixture, then the new ratio becomes 8 : 11. What is the total quantity (in litres) of water in the new mixture?

A) 40 B) 42
C) 44 D) 48
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 44

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4 930
Q:

In an alloy, aluminium and tin are in the ratio of 4 : 5. In the second alloy, the ratio of same elements is 4 : 7. If equal quantities of these two alloys be mixed to form a new alloy, then what will be the ratio of both of these elements in the new alloy?

A) 2 : 3 B) 16 : 35
C) 4 : 5 D) 40 : 59
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 40 : 59

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0 920
Q:

Two mixtures have milk and water in the ratio 1 : 4 and 3 : 2 respectively. In what ratio two types of mixtures have to be mixed to get a new mixture having ratio of milk and water as 1 : 1?

 

A) 4 : 3 B) 5 : 3
C) 3 : 2 D) 1 : 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 1 : 3

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6 913
Q:

The ratio of sand to gravel in a mixture is 17:8 while that between gravel and cement is 6:17. What is the ratio of sand to cement in the mixture?

A) 17:17 B) 289:48
C) 8:6 D) 3:4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 3:4

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4 906
Q:

X and Y are two alloys which are prepared by mixing zinc and aluminium in the ratio of 1 : 4 and 11 : 8 respectively. If equal quantities of alloys are melted to form a third alloy Z then what is the ratio of zinc and aluminium in alloy Z?

 

A) 32:47 B) 37:58
C) 37:95 D) 74:95
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 37:58

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1 880