# Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions

## What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.

A) 40 | B) 80 |

C) 120 | D) 200 |

Explanation:

Let the numbers be 3x, 4x and 5x.

Then, their L.C.M. = 60*x*.

So, 60*x* = 2400 or x = 40.

The numbers are (3 x 40), (4 x 40) and (5 x 40).

Hence, required H.C.F. = 40.

A) 52/221 | B) 55/190 |

C) 55/221 | D) 19/221 |

Explanation:

We have n(s) =$52{C}_{2}$ 52 = 52*51/2*1= 1326.

Let A = event of getting both black cards

B = event of getting both queens

A∩B = event of getting queen of black cards

n(A) = $\frac{52*51}{2*1}$ = $26{C}_{2}$ = 325, n(B)= $\frac{26*25}{2*1}$= 4*3/2*1= 6 and n(A∩B) = $4{C}_{2}$ = 1

P(A) = n(A)/n(S) = 325/1326;

P(B) = n(B)/n(S) = 6/1326 and

P(A∩B) = n(A∩B)/n(S) = 1/1326

P(A∪B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A∩B) = (325+6-1) / 1326 = 330/1326 = 55/221

A) 11 days | B) 12 days |

C) 13 days | D) 14 days |

Explanation:

One day's work of A, B and C = (1/24 + 1/30 + 1/40) = 1/10.

C leaves 4 days before completion of the work, which means only A and B work during the last 4 days.

Work done by A and B together in the last 4 days = 4 (1/24 + 1/30) = 3/10.

Remaining Work = 7/10, which was done by A,B and C in the initial number of days.

Number of days required for this initial work = 7 days.

Thus, the total numbers of days required = 4 + 7 = 11 days.

A) 18 litres | B) 24 litres |

C) 32 litres | D) 42 litres |

Explanation:

Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x litres

Then, quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations =$\left[x{\left(1-\frac{8}{x}\right)}^{4}\right]$litres

$\therefore \left[\frac{x{\left(1-{\displaystyle \frac{8}{x}}\right)}^{4}}{x}\right]=\frac{16}{81}$

$\Rightarrow {\left[1-\frac{8}{x}\right]}^{4}={\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)}^{4}$

$\Rightarrow x=24$

A) 200, 250, 300 | B) 300, 200, 250 |

C) 200, 300, 400 | D) None of these |

Explanation:

A's 5 days work = 50%

B's 5 days work = 33.33%

C's 2 days work = 16.66% [100- (50+33.33)]

Ratio of contribution of work of A, B and C = $50:33\frac{1}{3}:16\frac{2}{3}$ = 3 : 2 : 1

A's total share = Rs. 1500

B's total share = Rs. 1000

C's total share = Rs. 500

A's one day's earning = Rs.300

B's one day's earning = Rs.200

C's one day's earning = Rs.250

A) Tuesday | B) Wednesday |

C) Monday | D) Saturday |

Explanation:

16th July, 1776 = (1775 years + Period from 1st Jan, 1776 to 16th July, 1776)

**Counting of odd days :**

1600 years have 0 odd day.

100 years have 5 odd days.

75 years = (18 leap years + 57 ordinary years) = [(18 x 2) + (57 x 1)] = 93 (13 weeks + 2 days) = 2 odd days

1775 years have (0 + 5 + 2) odd days = 7 odd days = 0 odd day.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 16 = 198 days= (28 weeks + 2 days)

Total number of odd days = (0 + 2) = 2.

Required day was 'Tuesday'.

A) 6 % | B) 8 % |

C) 10 % | D) 12 % |

Explanation:

Let the total income be x.

Then, income left = (100 - 80)% of [100 - (35 + 25)] % of x = 20% of 40% of x = [(20/100) * (40/100) * 100] % of x = 8 % of x.