Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

The product of two numbers is 2028 and their H.C.F. is 13. The number of such pairs is:

A) 1 B) 2
C) 3 D) 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 2

Explanation:

Let the numbers 13a and 13b.

Then, 13a x 13b = 2028

=>ab = 12.

Now, the co-primes with product 12 are (1, 12) and (3, 4).

[Note: Two integers a and b are said to be coprime or relatively prime if they have no common positive factor other than 1 or, equivalently, if their greatest common divisor is 1 ]

So, the required numbers are (13 x 1, 13 x 12) and (13 x 3, 13 x 4).

Clearly, there are 2 such pairs.

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121 50133
Q:

Insert the missing number.

7, 26, 63, 124, 215, 342, (....)

A) 391 B) 421
C) 481 D) 511
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 511

Explanation:

Numbers are (23 - 1), (33 - 1), (43 - 1), (53 - 1), (63 - 1), (73 - 1) etc.

So, the next number is (83 - 1) = (512 - 1) = 511.

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182 49703
Q:

The average of runs of a cricket player of 10 innings was 32. How many runs must he make in his next innings so as to increase his average of runs by 4 ?

A) 76 B) 79
C) 85 D) 87
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 76

Explanation:

Average = total runs / no.of innings = 32 

So, total = Average x no.of innings = 32 x 10 = 320.

 

Now increase in avg = 4runs. So, new avg = 32+4 = 36runs 

Total runs = new avg x new no. of innings = 36 x 11 = 396 

Runs made in the 11th inning = 396 - 320 = 76

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151 49309
Q:

A man spends 35% of his income on food, 25% on children's education and 80% of the remaining on house rent. What percent of his income he is left with ?

A) 6 % B) 8 %
C) 10 % D) 12 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 8 %

Explanation:

Let the total income be x.

 

Then, income left = (100 -80)% of [100 -  (35 + 25)] % of x = 20% of 40% of x = 20/100 * 40/100 * 100) % of x = 8 % of x.

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161 49188
Q:

An accurate clock shows 8 o'clock in the morning. Through how may degrees will the hour hand rotate when the clock shows 2 o'clock in the afternoon?

A) 360 B) 180
C) 90 D) 60
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 180

Explanation:

Angle traced by the hour hand in 6 hours=(360/12)*6

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76 47823
Q:

if the price of a book is first decreased by 25% and then increased by 20%, then the net change in the price will be  : 

A) 10 B) 20
C) 30 D) 40
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 10

Explanation:

Let the original price be Rs. 100.

New final price  = 120 %  of (75 % of Rs. 100) = Rs. (120/100 * 75/100 * 100) = Rs. 90.

Decrease = 10%

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178 47553
Q:

At what time between 4 and 5 o'clock will the hands of a watch point in opposite directions?

A) 54 past 4 B) (53 + 7/11) past 4
C) (54 + 8/11) past 4 D) (54 + 6/11) past 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) (54 + 6/11) past 4

Explanation:

4 o'clock, the hands of the watch are 20 min. spaces apart.
To be in opposite directions, they must be 30 min. spaces apart.
Minute hand will have to gain 50 min. spaces.
55 min. spaces are gained in 60 min 

 

50 min. spaces are gained in 6055×50 min. or 54611 

 

Required time = 54611 min. past 4.

 

 

 

 

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135 46749
Q:

Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?

A) 1/2 B) 3/5
C) 9/20 D) 8/15
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 9/20

Explanation:

Here, S = {1, 2, 3, 4, ...., 19, 20}.

Let E = event of getting a multiple of 3 or 5 = {3, 6 , 9, 12, 15, 18, 5, 10, 20}.

P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 9/20.

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100 46587