Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

What is the next number in the following number series

3, 5, 8, 15, 28, 51, ?

A) 98 B) 102
C) 87 D) 79
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 98

Explanation:

The given number series is 

3, 5, 8, 15, 28, 51, ?

Here the pattern it follows is

3

3 + 2 = 5 ( add prime number less than 3 i.e, 2)

5 + 3 = 8 (3 is prime number less than 5)

8 + 7 = 15 (7 is prime number less than 8)

15 + 13 = 28 (13 is prime number less than 15)

28 + 23 = 51 (23 is prime number less than 28)

51 + 47 = 98 (47 is prime number less than 51)

 

Hence, the next number in the given number series is 98.

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13 199056
Q:

If the length of the diagonal of a square is 20cm,then its perimeter must be

a. 402cm     b. 302cm    c. 10cm    d. 152cm

A) a B) b
C) c D) d
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) a

Explanation:

We know that d=√2s 

Given diagonal = 20 cm 

=> s = 20/2 cm

Therefore, perimeter of the square is 4s = 4 x 20/2 = 402   cm.

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109 196122
Q:

Find the Odd Number in the given Number Series?

3, 6.5, 14, 29, 64, 136

A) 14 B) 64
C) 29 D) 136
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 29

Explanation:

The Given number series 3, 6.5, 14, 29, 64, 136 follows a pattern that

3

3 x 2 + 0.5 = 6.5

6.5 x 2 + 1 = 14

14 x 2 + 2 = 30 29

30 x 2 + 4 = 64

64 x 2 + 8 = 136

Thus the wrong number in the series is 29

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11 192933
Q:

Find the next number in the series

 

143 143 136 110 ?

A) 91 B) 35
C) 47 D) 69
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 47

Explanation:

The next number in the series is

143 143 136 110

      0    7      26 (Differences)

 13 - 1 , 23 - 1, 33 - 1, 43 - 1,...Now the next number is given by110 - (43 - 1) = 110 - 63 = 47.

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10 190658
Q:

8 litres are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filled with water. This operation is performed three more times. The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16 : 65. How much wine the cask hold originally?

A) 18 litres B) 24 litres
C) 32 litres D) 42 litres
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 24 litres

Explanation:

Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x litres

 
Then, quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations =x1-8x4litres

 

x1-8x4x = 1681  

 

 1-8x4=234 

 

x=24

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728 189208
Q:

A father said his son , " I was as old as you are at present at the time of your birth. " If the father age is 38 now, the son age 5 years back was :

A) 14 B) 19
C) 33 D) 38
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 14

Explanation:

Let the son's present age be x years .Then, (38 - x) = x => x= 19. 

 

Son's age 5 years back = (19 - 5) = 14 years

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684 184309
Q:

The average of runs of a cricket player of 10 innings was 32. How many runs must he make in his next innings so as to increase his average of runs by 4 ?

A) 76 B) 79
C) 85 D) 87
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 76

Explanation:

Average = total runs / no.of innings = 32 

So, total = Average x no.of innings = 32 x 10 = 320.

 

Now increase in avg = 4runs. So, new avg = 32+4 = 36runs 

Total runs = new avg x new no. of innings = 36 x 11 = 396 

Runs made in the 11th inning = 396 - 320 = 76

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509 177911
Q:

Find the odd man out.

6, 9, 15, 21, 24, 28, 30

A) 28 B) 21
C) 24 D) 30
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 28

Explanation:

Each of the numbers except 28, is a multiple of 3.

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116 176319