Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

At what time between 4 and 5 o'clock will the hands of a watch point in opposite directions?

A) 54 past 4 B) (53 + 7/11) past 4
C) (54 + 8/11) past 4 D) (54 + 6/11) past 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) (54 + 6/11) past 4

Explanation:

4 o'clock, the hands of the watch are 20 min. spaces apart.
To be in opposite directions, they must be 30 min. spaces apart.
Minute hand will have to gain 50 min. spaces.
55 min. spaces are gained in 60 min 

 

50 min. spaces are gained in 6055×50 min. or 54611 

 

Required time = 54611 min. past 4.

 

 

 

 

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146 48964
Q:

An accurate clock shows 8 o'clock in the morning. Through how may degrees will the hour hand rotate when the clock shows 2 o'clock in the afternoon?

A) 360 B) 180
C) 90 D) 60
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 180

Explanation:

Angle traced by the hour hand in 6 hours=(360/12)*6

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84 48949
Q:

By selling 45 lemons for Rs 40, a man loses 20%. How many should he sell for Rs 24 to gain 20% in the transaction ?

A) 16 B) 18
C) 20 D) 22
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 18

Explanation:

Let S.P. of 45 lemons be Rs. x.

 

Then, 80 : 40 = 120 : x or   x = 40×12080= 60

 

For Rs.60, lemons sold = 45

 

For Rs.24, lemons sold  =4560×24= 18.

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420 46876
Q:

Three number are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5 and their L.C.M. is 2400. Their H.C.F. is:

A) 40 B) 80
C) 120 D) 200
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 40

Explanation:

Let the numbers be 3x, 4x and 5x.

 

Then, their L.C.M. = 60x.

 

So, 60x = 2400 or x = 40.

 

 The numbers are (3 x 40), (4 x 40) and (5 x 40).

 

Hence, required H.C.F. = 40.

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111 46555
Q:

If selling price is doubled, the profit triples. Find the profit percent ?

A) 100% B) 200%
C) 300% D) 400%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 100%

Explanation:

Let the C.P be Rs.100 and S.P be Rs.x, Then
The profit is (x-100)
Now the S.P is doubled, then the new S.P is 2x
New profit is (2x-100)
Now as per the given condition;
=> 3(x-100) = 2x-100
By solving, we get
x = 200
Then the Profit percent = (200-100)/100 = 100
Hence the profit percentage is 100%

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149 46178
Q:

If log 27 = 1.431, then the value of log 9 is

A) 0.754 B) 0.854
C) 0.954 D) 0.654
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 0.954

Explanation:

log 27 = 1.431
log33 = 1.431
3 log 3 = 1.431
log 3 = 0.477
log 9 = log(32)= 2 log 3 = (2 x 0.477) = 0.954

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70 46047
Q:

Two dice are tossed. The probability that the total score is a prime number is:

A) 5/12 B) 1/6
C) 1/2 D) 7/9
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 5/12

Explanation:

Clearly, n(S) = (6 x 6) = 36.

Let E = Event that the sum is a prime number.

Then E= { (1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 2), (3, 4), (4, 1), (4,3),(5, 2), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 5) }

n(E) = 15.

P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 15/36 = 5/12.

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97 44500
Q:

If the diagonal of a rectangle is 17cm long and its perimeter is 46 cm. Find the area of the rectangle.

A) 110 B) 120
C) 130 D) 140
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 120

Explanation:

let length = x and breadth = y then  

2(x+y) = 46         =>   x+y = 23  

x²+y² = 17² = 289  

now (x+y)² = 23² 

=> x²+y²+2xy= 529 

=> 289+ 2xy = 529

=> xy = 120  

area = xy = 120 sq.cm

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132 44320