Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

if the price of a book is first decreased by 25% and then increased by 20%, then the net change in the price will be  : 

A) 10 B) 20
C) 30 D) 40
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 10

Explanation:

Let the original price be Rs. 100.

New final price  = 120 %  of (75 % of Rs. 100) = Rs. (120/100 * 75/100 * 100) = Rs. 90.

Decrease = 10%

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241 54702
Q:

Three number are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5 and their L.C.M. is 2400. Their H.C.F. is:

A) 40 B) 80
C) 120 D) 200
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 40

Explanation:

Let the numbers be 3x, 4x and 5x.

 

Then, their L.C.M. = 60x.

 

So, 60x = 2400 or x = 40.

 

 The numbers are (3 x 40), (4 x 40) and (5 x 40).

 

Hence, required H.C.F. = 40.

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140 54660
Q:

If selling price is doubled, the profit triples. Find the profit percent ?

A) 100% B) 200%
C) 300% D) 400%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 100%

Explanation:

Let the C.P be Rs.100 and S.P be Rs.x, Then
The profit is (x-100)
Now the S.P is doubled, then the new S.P is 2x
New profit is (2x-100)
Now as per the given condition;
=> 3(x-100) = 2x-100
By solving, we get
x = 200
Then the Profit percent = (200-100)/100 = 100
Hence the profit percentage is 100%

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194 54237
Q:

At what time between 4 and 5 o'clock will the hands of a watch point in opposite directions?

A) 54 past 4 B) (53 + 7/11) past 4
C) (54 + 8/11) past 4 D) (54 + 6/11) past 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) (54 + 6/11) past 4

Explanation:

4 o'clock, the hands of the watch are 20 min. spaces apart.
To be in opposite directions, they must be 30 min. spaces apart.
Minute hand will have to gain 50 min. spaces.
55 min. spaces are gained in 60 min 

 

50 min. spaces are gained in 6055×50 min. or 54611 

 

Required time = 54611 min. past 4.

 

 

 

 

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175 53230
Q:

By selling 45 lemons for Rs 40, a man loses 20%. How many should he sell for Rs 24 to gain 20% in the transaction ?

A) 16 B) 18
C) 20 D) 22
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 18

Explanation:

Let S.P. of 45 lemons be Rs. x.

 

Then, 80 : 40 = 120 : x or   x = 40×12080= 60

 

For Rs.60, lemons sold = 45

 

For Rs.24, lemons sold  =4560×24= 18.

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474 52701
Q:

A, B and C can do a piece of work in 24 days, 30 days and 40 days respectively. They began the work together but C left 4 days before the completion of the work. In how many days was the work completed?

A) 11 days B) 12 days
C) 13 days D) 14 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 11 days

Explanation:

One day's work of A, B and C = (1/24 + 1/30 + 1/40) = 1/10.

C leaves 4 days before completion of the work, which means only A and B work during the last 4 days.

Work done by A and B together in the last 4 days = 4 (1/24 + 1/30) = 3/10.

Remaining Work = 7/10, which was done by A,B and C in the initial number of days. 

Number of days required for this initial work = 7 days. 

Thus, the total numbers of days required = 4 + 7 = 11 days.

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174 51309
Q:

An accurate clock shows 8 o'clock in the morning. Through how may degrees will the hour hand rotate when the clock shows 2 o'clock in the afternoon?

A) 360 B) 180
C) 90 D) 60
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 180

Explanation:

Angle traced by the hour hand in 6 hours=(360/12)*6

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106 51059
Q:

8 litres are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filled with water. This operation is performed three more times. The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16 : 65. How much wine the cask hold originally?

A) 18 litres B) 24 litres
C) 32 litres D) 42 litres
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 24 litres

Explanation:

Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x litres

 
Then, quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations =x1-8x4litres

 

x1-8x4x = 1681  

 

 1-8x4=234 

 

x=24

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265 50813