Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions

Q:

A shopkeeper cheats to the extent of 10% while buying and selling, by using false weights. His total gain is.

A) 20% B) 21%
C) 22% D) 23%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 21%

Explanation:

Gain % = 100+common gain %2100-100%           

 

           =100+102100-100

 

            = 21%

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Filed Under: Profit and Loss

568 103257
Q:

In a lottery, there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks. A lottery is drawn at random. What is the probability of getting a prize?

A) 2/7 B) 5/7
C) 1/5 D) 1/2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2/7

Explanation:

Total number of outcomes possible, n(S) = 10 + 25 = 35

 

Total number of prizes, n(E) = 10

 P(E)=n(E)n(S)=1035=27

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Filed Under: Probability

246 101213
Q:

If the length of the diagonal of a square is 20cm,then its perimeter must be

a. 402cm     b. 302cm    c. 10cm    d. 152cm

A) a B) b
C) c D) d
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) a

Explanation:

We know that d=√2s 

Given diagonal = 20 cm 

=> s = 20/2 cm

Therefore, perimeter of the square is 4s = 4 x 20/2 = 402   cm.

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Filed Under: Area
Exam Prep: Bank Exams
Job Role: Bank PO

74 101159
Q:

A, B and C enter into a partnership and their shares are in the ratio 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4. After 2 months, A withdraws half of his capital and after 10 months, a profit of Rs. 378 is divided among them. What is B's share ?

A) 144 B) 169
C) 225 D) 339
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 144

Explanation:

Ratio of initial investments = 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4 = 6 : 4 : 3.

Let their initial investments be 6x, 2x and 3x respectively.

A : B : C = (6x * 2 + 3x * 10) : (4x * 12) : (3x * 12) = 42 : 48 : 36 = 7 : 8 : 6.

B's share =  Rs. (378 * 8/21) = Rs. 144.

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Filed Under: Partnership

142 95913
Q:

A student has to obtain 33% of the total marks to pass. He got 125 marks and failed by 40 marks. The maximum marks are :

A) 500 B) 600
C) 800 D) 1000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 500

Explanation:

Given that the student got 125 marks and still he failed by 40 marks

 

=> The minimum pass mark = 125 + 40 = 165

 

Given that minimum pass mark = 33% of the total mark

 

=> total mark =33/100 =165

 

=> total mark = 16500/33 = 500

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Filed Under: Percentage

543 95682
Q:

The value of a machine depreciates at the rate of 10% every year. It was purchased 3 years ago. If its present value is Rs. 8748, its purchase price was :

A) 10000 B) 12000
C) 14000 D) 16000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 12000

Explanation:

Purchase price = Rs.87481-101003 = Rs. [8748 * (10/9) * (10/9 )* (10/9)] = Rs.12000

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Filed Under: Percentage

691 95509
Q:

The compound interest on rs.30000 at 7% per annum is Rs.4347. The period is

A) 2 years B) 2.5 years
C) 3 years D) 4 years
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2 years

Explanation:

Amount = Rs.(30000+4347) = Rs.34347

 

let the time be n years

 

Then,30000(1+7/100)^n = 34347

 

(107/100)^n = 34347/30000 = 11449/10000 = (107/100)^2

 

n = 2years

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Filed Under: Compound Interest
Exam Prep: GRE

379 95008
Q:

Fresh fruit contains 68% water and dry fruit contains 20% water. How much dry fruit can be obtained from 100 kg of fresh fruits ?

A) 20 B) 30
C) 40 D) 50
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 40

Explanation:

The fruit content in both the fresh fruit and dry fruit is the same.

 

Given, fresh fruit has 68% water.so remaining 32% is fruit content. weight of fresh fruits is 100kg

 

Dry fruit has 20% water.so remaining 80% is fruit content.let weight if dry fruit be y kg.

 

Fruit % in freshfruit = Fruit% in dryfruit 

 

Therefore, (32/100) x 100 = (80/100 ) x y 

 

we get, y = 40 kg.

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Filed Under: Percentage
Exam Prep: AIEEE , Bank Exams , CAT , GATE
Job Role: Analyst , Bank Clerk , Bank PO

1165 94350