Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

8, 14, 24, 60, 180

Find the odd man out of the series?

A) 180 B) 60
C) 24 D) 14
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 14

Explanation:

The given series is 8, 14, 24, 60, 180

8

8 x 1.5 = 12 (NOT 14)

12 x 2 = 24

24 x 2.5 = 60

60 x 3 = 180

 

Hence, the odd man in the given series is 12.

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Q:

Mohan was married 5 years ago. At present his age is 6/5 times of his age at the time of marriage. His wife is 3 year younger to him. Find his wife’s present age?

A) 21 yrs B) 24 yrs
C) 27 yrs D) 30 yrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 27 yrs

Explanation:

Let Mohan present age = p

ATQ,

5/6 x p = p - 5

p = 30

His wifes age = 30 - 3 = 27 yrs.

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Q:

What is the probability that a number is divisible by 4?

A) 2 B) 1/2
C) 1/4 D) 1
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1/2

Explanation:

Probability is Number of favourable outcomes by total outcomes

Total comes = 2 (Divisible or not)

Favourable = 1 (Divisible)

 

Hence, probability = 1/2.

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Q:

Find the speed of stream if a boat covers 36 km in downstream in 6 hours which is 3 hours less in covering the same distance in upstream?

A) 1.5 kmph B) 1 kmph
C) 0.75 kmph D) 0.5 kmph
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1 kmph

Explanation:

Speed of the boat upstream = 36/9 = 4 kmph

Speed of the boat in downstream = 36/6 = 6 kmph

Speed of stream = 6-4/2 = 1 kmph

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Q:

The ratio of efficiencies of two filling pipes is 4 : 5. There is a third emptying pipe which efficiency is two third of the average efficiency of first two filling pipes can empty a filled tank in 36 minutes. In how much time both the filling pipes can fill the tank when it is empty?

A) 16 min B) 12 min
C) 14 min D) 20 min
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 12 min

Explanation:

Let the efficiencies of filling pipes is 4p and 5p respectively.

Efficiency of pipe which empty the tank = 2/3 x 9p/2 = 3p

Total work = 3p x 36 = 108p

 

Time to fill the tank by both the pipes = 108p/9p = 12 min.

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Q:

How many numbers of five digits can be formed by using the digits 1, 0, 2, 3, 5, 6 which are between 50000 and 60000 without repeating the digits?

A) 120 B) 240
C) 256 D) 360
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 120

Explanation:

Required number of 5 digit numbers can be formed by using the digits 1, 0, 2, 3, 5, 6 which are between 50000 and 60000 without repeating the digits are 

5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 120.

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Q:

In math questions answers each questions are solved with explanation. The questions are based from different topics. Care has been taken to solve the questions in such a way that students can understand each and every step

1. Which is greater than 4?

(a) 5,

(b) -5,

(c) -1/2,

(d) -25.

                                               

A) 5 B) 20
C) 2 D) 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 5

Explanation:

Solution:

5 greater than 4.

Answer: (a)

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Q:

A restaurant offers a new promotion of 20% off the original price of cakes, which is Rs. 12. Before the promotion 250 cakes were sold each day. After the promotion, the sale of cakes increases an average of 18% more per day. How much more or less does the restaurant make each day in cakes sales after the promotion?

A) Rs. 185 less B) Rs. 202 more
C) Rs. 175 more D) Rs. 168 less
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 168 less

Explanation:

Cost of each cake P1 & P2 = Rs. 12

Offer decrease in % = 20%

Increase in sale per day (Q2) = 250 - 18%

Total quantity per day (Q1) = 250

Hence, required change total revenue

TR = P2Q2 - P1Q1 = (12 x 0.8 x 250 x 1.18) -  (12 x 250) = - Rs.168.

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