Alligation or Mixture Questions




I. Alligation : It is the rule that enables us to find the ratio in which two or more ingredients at the given price must be mixed to produce a mixture of a desired price.


II. Mean Price : The cost price of a unit quantity of the mixture is called the mean price.


III. Rule of Alligation : Suppose Rs.x per unit be the price of first ingradient mixed with another ingradient (cheaper) of price Rs.y per unit to form a mixture whose mean price is Rs. z per unit, then 

Quantity of cheaper : Quantity of dearer

       = ( C.P of dearer - Mean Price ) : ( Mean Price - C. P of cheaper )

       = ( x- z ) : ( z - y )


 IV. Suppose a container contains x units of liquid from which y units are taken out and replaced by water. After  operations , the quantity of pure liquid = x1-yxn units.