Cause and Effect Reasoning Questions

Q:

I. The vegetable prices in the local market have increases manifold during the past few days.

II. Incessant rains have created flood like situation in most rural parts of the State.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

The transportation gets effect due to the flood created by incessant rains in the most rural parts of State. Therefore, on account of this, it is possible to increase the vegetable prices in the local market.

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Q:

I.  Importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

II. There is an increasing awareness about health in the society particularly among middle ages group of people.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

As the awareness about health in the society is increasing particularly among middle-aged group of people, the importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

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Q:

Effect : The temple at the religious site wears a deserted look with the number of devotees trickling down.

Which of the following can be a possible cause of the above effect?

A) A structural engineer had visited the temple a month back and had declared the structure unsafe B) The temple is facing a drastic depletion of its funds which had accumulated over the years due to offerings made by devotees
C) The local corporation decided to donate a huge amount of money to the temple for its renovation D) The village housing the religious site has qualified priests to perform religious ceremonies
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) A structural engineer had visited the temple a month back and had declared the structure unsafe

Explanation:

The engineer's caution may have led to people keeping away from the temple

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7 2779
Q:

I. The Government has decided to hold a single entrance test for admission to all the medical colleges in India.

II. The State Government has debarred students from other States to apply for the seats in the medical colleges in the State.

A) The State Government has debarred students from other States to apply for the seats in the medical colleges in the State. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Explanation:

Both the statements are effects of some common cause.

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9 2543
Q:

A : Budgetery allocation for building a better railway network, eg constructing new railway lines, has increased

B : There has been a substantial drop in the number of passengers opting for air travel

A) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect B) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
C) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes D) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Both are the effects of a common cause. The Railways has gone in a reviving mode.

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7 2087
Q:

A : ITC, a tobacco company , has decided to withdraw from all sponsorship of sporting activities.

B: The center has decided to bring in legislation for banning sponsoring of sports  and cultural events by tobacco companies.

A) If 'A' is the effect and 'B' is its immediate and principal cause. B) If 'A' is the immediate and principal cause and 'B' is its effect.
C) Both A and B D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) None of these

Explanation:

Both are independent events.

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9 2086
Q:

Cause : Govt has recently decided to hike the procurement price of paddy for the rabi crops.

Which of the following will be a possible effect of the above cause?

A) The farmers may be encouraged to cultivate paddy for the rabi season B) The farmers may switch over to other cash crops in their paddy fields
C) There was a drop in production of paddy during Kharif season D) Govt may not increase the procurement price of paddy during the next Kharif season
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) The farmers may be encouraged to cultivate paddy for the rabi season

Explanation:

The very purpose of hiking the procurement price of a crop is encouraging the formers to cultivate it.

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5 1904
Q:

I. Rural and semi-urban areas in the country have been suffering due to load shedding for quite some time.

II. If the Government is not able to overcome the power crisis, load shedding will be extended even to the urban areas.

 

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C) Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The facts given in both the statements are clearly the result of acute power shortage.

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