Statement and Assumptions Questions

Q:

The office building needs repairing just as urgently as it needs internal as well as external painting

Assumptions:

1. Efficiency of people working in the office cannot be improved unless office building is reapaire

2. Repairing and painting of office building require funds

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true

Explanation:

Nothing can be deduced regarding the effect of reapirs of office building on efficency of workers,or the requirement of funds for repairs,from the given statement.So,neither 1 nor 2 is true

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Exam Prep: GRE

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Q:

The Highway police authority put up large boards at regular intervals indicating the speed limit and dangers of over-speeding on the highways.

Assumptions: 

I. Most of the motorists may drive their vehicles within the speed limit on the highways.

II. Motorists generally ignore such cautions and over-speed on the highways.

A) If only assumption I is Implicit B) If only assumption II is Implicit
C) If either I or II is Implicit D) If both I and II are Implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only assumption I is Implicit

Explanation:

The boards have been put with the assumption that they may have a positive impact.

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Q:

Consider the given arguments as true and decide which of the given assumptions is/are implicit.

Argument :
The best bus travels company has decided to increase its fare by 10%.

Conclusions :
1. Passengers may opt for other buses costing less than the best bus travels company.
2. The demand for the buses by passengers may remain unchanged even after the fare hike.

 

A) Both 1 & 2 are implicit B) Only assumption 1 is implicit
C) Only assumption 2 is implicit D) Neither 1 nor 2 is implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both 1 & 2 are implicit

Explanation:
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Q:

The Chairman of the company urged all the employees to refrain from making long personal calls during working hours in order to boost productivity.

Assumptions : 

I. Majority of the employees may respond positively to the Chairman's appeal

II. Most of the employees may continue to make long personal calls during working hours.

A) If only assumption I is Implicit B) If only assumption II is Implicit
C) If either I or II is Implicit D) If both I and II are Implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only assumption I is Implicit

Explanation:

I is implicit: when urge someone to do something, you assume a positive response. For the same reason , II is not implicit.

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Q:

If farmers want to improve their yield, they must use organic fertilizers in place of chemical fertilizers.

Assumptions: 

I. Chemical fertilizers have certain ill effects on health 

II. Chemical fertilizers do not produce as much yield as the organic fertilizers.

A) If only assumption I is Implicit B) If only assumption II is Implicit
C) If either I or II is Implicit D) If both I and II are Implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only assumption II is Implicit

Explanation:

I is not implicit because health is not the focus of the statement. II is implicit in the very need for substitution.

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Q:

If the city bus which runs between Ramnagar and Sant colony is extended to vasant vihar,it will be convenient . Appeal of residents of ramnagar to city bus company

Assumptions:

1. The convenience of city bus company is much more important than the needs of consumers

2. The city bus company is indifferent to the aspirations of the residents of Sant colony

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Neither 1 nor 2 is true D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Neither 1 nor 2 is true

Explanation:

Clearly the city bus company is intended  to provide bus services according to the needs as per local residents and not as per their own convenience.So 1 is not true.In the same way 2 is not true

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Q:

In Bombay,railway trains are indespenible for people in the subrubs to reach their places of work on time

Assumptions:

1. Railway trains are the only mode of transport available in the subrubs of Bombay

2. Only railway trains run punctually

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Only 2 is true

Explanation:

The railway trains are indespinsible for people to reach the place on time does not mean that there are no other means of transport but shows that trains alone run on time.So, 1 is not true

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Filed Under: Statement and Assumptions
Exam Prep: GRE

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Q:

The Civic administration has asked the residets of the dilapidated buildings to move out as these buildings will be demolished within the next thirty days

Assumptions : 

I. The Civic administration may be able to demolish these buildings as per schedule.

II. The residents of these buildings may vacate and stay elsewhere

A) If only assumption I is Implicit B) If only assumption II is Implicit
C) If either I or II is Implicit D) If both I and II are Implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) If both I and II are Implicit

Explanation:

I is implicit in the deadline given. II is implicit in the notice given to the residents to move out.

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