# Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability Questions

## What is Verbal Reasoning: Mental Ability ?

Verbal Reasoning - Mental ability is one of the common topics found in most of the entrance exams. Mental ability tests our level at which we learn things, understands instructions and solve problems. Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability Questions encloses wide range of topics: verbal reasoning (vocabulary and missing letters), Arithmetic reasoning, Blood relations, Analogy, classifications, coding and decoding, Data sufficiency, Missing characters, logical sequences, series, numbers, spontaneous reaction tests, verification of truth statements, Venn diagrams, mathematical operations, direction sense test, statements and arguments, assumption tests and more.

## What Topics Are Included In Mental Ability Test ?

Mental ability questions are found commonly in competitive exams and entrance tests of APPSC Group 1 and Group2, UPSC ( Civil services, CPF(CA) ), TNPC(VAO, Group1, Group2), HPAS, WBCS, AP SI Selection process, NDA, IBPS and other Bank Exams, CAT, MAT, GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, GRE, GATE, TOEFL, IT and Non IT Placement papers.

Mental Ability Questions should be solved by cracking logic behind them. One can gain that logical thinking by thorough practice of number of questions in different patterns, good command in vocabulary, good command in maths numbers and formulas and good understanding abilities.

We have a large database for you to practice on verbal reasoning - mental ability questions and answers. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams.

• #### Verification of Truth of the statement

Q:

If FRIEND is coded as HUMJTK, how is CANDLE written in that code ?

 A) EDRIRL B) DCQHQK C) ESJFME D) DEQJQM

Explanation:

The first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth letters of th word are respectively moved two, three, four, five, six and seven steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the code.

684 65144
Q:

Biped : Quadruped :: Ostrich : ?

 A) Cat B) Kangaroo C) Penguin D) Duck

Explanation:

A biped is an animal that uses two legs for walking and the quadrupeds are animals that use four legs for walking.

From the Given options, Cat only have 4 legs.

So Biped : Quadruped :: Ostrich : Cat.

176 64955
Q:

If you write down all the numbers from 1 to 100, then how many times do you write 3 ?

 A) 11 B) 18 C) 20 D) 21

Explanation:

Clearly, From 1 to 100, there are ten numbers with 3 as the unit's digit - 3, 13, 23, 33, 43, 53, 63, 73, 83, 93 and ten numbers with 3 as the ten's digit - 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39.

So, required number = 10 + 10 = 20.

749 64401
Q:

LAP  BUT  CAR  SON  HID

If the positions of the first and the third alphabets of each of the words are interchanged, which of the following would form a meaningful word in the new arrangement?

 A) HID B) SON C) Both LAP and BUT D) Both CAR and LAP

Explanation:

When positions of first and the third alphabets of each of the words are interchanged, we have PAL  TUB  RAC  NOS  DIH

Clearly, PAL and TUB are the only meaningful words. These words are obtained from LAP and BUT respectively.

231 63625
Q:

P is the brother of Q and R. S is R's mother. T is P's father. Which of the following statements cannot be definitely true ?

 A) T is Q's father B) S is P's mother C) P is S's son D) Q is T's son

Explanation:

P, Q, R are children of same parents. So. S who is R's mother and T, who is R's father will be mother and father of all three.

However, it is not mentioned whether Q is male or female So, D cannot be definitely true.

920 63541
Q:

Q 2 3 B 9 V 5 L S R F P

If one is subtracted from each of the numbers, which of the following will be the fourth to the right of the tenth from the right ?

 A) 4 B) 8 C) 2 D) 1

Explanation:

Fourth to the right of the tenth from the right means (10 - 4 = )6th from the right, ie 5. But according to the queswtion, one is subtracted from each of the numbers, ie 4.

178 63062
Q:

Pointing to a lady, a man said, "The son of her only brother is the brother of my wife." How is the lady related to the man ?

 A) Mother's sister B) Grandmother C) Mother-in-law D) Sister of father-in-law

Explanation:

Brother of my wife — My brother.in-law; Son of lady's brother is the brother-in-law of the man.

So lady's brother is man's father-in-law

i.e., the lady is the sister of man's father-in-law.

617 61689
Q:

Grass : Erosion :: Dam : ?

 A) Water B) Freeze C) Current D) Rain

Explanation:

Here Grass is to Erosion and whereas Dam is to Water.

Since Grass prevents Erosion similarly Dam prevents Water flow.

Hence, Grass : Erosion :: Dam : Water.