Assertion and Reason Questions

Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : In India, females have higher life expectancy than the males. 

Reason (R)    : Females receive a better diet. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) Both A and R are false.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both A and R are false.

Explanation:

In India, due to high birth rate and due to neglect, females have a lower life expectancy than the males and although females need a better diet, they do not receive it. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : Shivaji developed the guerilla warfare. 

 Reason (R)    : Shivaji feared the Mughals. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

 Shivaji initiated the guerilla warfare to defeat the Mughuls but he did not fear them. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion(A) :  A little gap is left between iron rails. 

Reason (R)   :  Iron expands in summer. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Iron expands in summer. So, gaps are left between rails to allow for expansion. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  :   Mohammad-bin-Tughluq is called the 'wisest fool'. 

Reason (R)     :   He had wise plans but implemented them foolishly. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

R provides the correct explanation of A. 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  : Carbon dioxide turns lime water milky. 

Reason (R)     : Carbon dioxide sullies the water. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false.

Explanation:

Carbon dioxide reacts with lime water (calcium hydroxide) to form milky precipitate of calcium carbonate 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

 Assertion (A) : We feel colder on mountains than on plains.

 Reason (R)    : Temperature decreases with altitude. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Higher above the sea level, temperature decreases at the rate of  1 degree centigarade for every 165 me-tres of ascent making mountain peaks colder. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) :  Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement 

Reason (R)    :  There was violence at the Chauri Chaura outrage

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement because of the violence in the Chauri Chaura outrage. 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : Appendix is a vestigial organ in human body. 

Reason (R)    : It does not participate in digestion. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Appendix, earlier used to digest raw vegetable matter, is now a vestigial organ in human body and does-not perform any function. 

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