Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative
Assertion (A) : In India, females have higher life expectancy than the males.
Reason (R) : Females receive a better diet.
In India, due to high birth rate and due to neglect, females have a lower life expectancy than the males and although females need a better diet, they do not receive it.
Assertion (A) : Shivaji developed the guerilla warfare.
Reason (R) : Shivaji feared the Mughals.
Shivaji initiated the guerilla warfare to defeat the Mughuls but he did not fear them.
Assertion(A) : A little gap is left between iron rails.
Reason (R) : Iron expands in summer.
Iron expands in summer. So, gaps are left between rails to allow for expansion.
Assertion (A) : Mohammad-bin-Tughluq is called the 'wisest fool'.
Reason (R) : He had wise plans but implemented them foolishly.
R provides the correct explanation of A.
Assertion (A) : Carbon dioxide turns lime water milky.
Reason (R) : Carbon dioxide sullies the water.
Carbon dioxide reacts with lime water (calcium hydroxide) to form milky precipitate of calcium carbonate
Assertion (A) : We feel colder on mountains than on plains.
Reason (R) : Temperature decreases with altitude.
Higher above the sea level, temperature decreases at the rate of 1 degree centigarade for every 165 me-tres of ascent making mountain peaks colder.
Assertion (A) : Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement
Reason (R) : There was violence at the Chauri Chaura outrage
Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement because of the violence in the Chauri Chaura outrage.
Assertion (A) : Appendix is a vestigial organ in human body.
Reason (R) : It does not participate in digestion.
Appendix, earlier used to digest raw vegetable matter, is now a vestigial organ in human body and does-not perform any function.
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