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Q:

Most absorption of nutrients occurs in the

A) Stomach B) Liver
C) Large intestine D) Small intestine

Answer:   D) Small intestine



Explanation:

The small intestine is the main area of the GI tract for absorption.

 

The small intestine has three separate sections. Theyare :

1. The duodenum

2. Jejunum and

3. Ileum.

 

Hence, the majority of nutrient absorption occurs in the duodenum and jejunum of small intestine.

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Q:

Select the correct statement about the ureters.

A) The ureter is innervated by parasympathetic nerve endings only. B) Ureters contain sphincters at the entrance to the bladder to prevent the backflow of urine.
C) The epithelium is stratified squamous like the skin, which allows a great deal of stretch. D) The ureters are capable of peristalsis like that of the gastrointestinal tract.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) The ureters are capable of peristalsis like that of the gastrointestinal tract.

Explanation:
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Q:

During the process of protein synthesis, each trna carries one

A) amino acid B) nucleotide
C) fatty acid D) nucleic acis
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) amino acid

Explanation:

During protein synthesis process, each tRNA carries one aminoacid for protein synthesis to the ribosomes.

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0 14
Q:

Which chemical is not found in DNA nucleotides?

A) Thymine B) Uracil
C) Adenine D) All of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Uracil

Explanation:

A nucleotide is an organic molecule that is the building block of DNA and RNA. They also have functions related to cell signaling, metabolism, and enzyme reactions. A nucleotide is made up of three parts: a phosphate group, a 5-carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base. The four nitrogenous bases in DNA are adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine. RNA contains uracil, instead of thymine. 

 

A nucleotide within a chain makes up the genetic material of all known living things.

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Q:

Which of the following defines a genome?

A) Every human cell B) the complete set of an organism's genes and other DNA sequences
C) the complete set of an organism's polypeptides D) a karyotype
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) the complete set of an organism's genes and other DNA sequences

Explanation:
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Q:

Succus Entericus is secreted by

A) Auerbach's plexus B) Peyers patches.
C) Brunner's glands D) Crypts of Lieberkuhn
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Crypts of Lieberkuhn

Explanation:

Succus Entericus is the alkaline secretion produced by glands in the wall of the duodenum, consisting of water, mucoproteins, and hydrogencarbonate ions.

 

Succus Entericus is secreted by Crypts of Lieberkuhn.

 

It helps to counteract the highly acidic and proteolytic chyme entering the small intestine from the stomach, and thus protects the duodenum from damage.

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Q:

Where does digestion of protein begin?

A) Mouth B) Pharynx
C) Stomach D) Liver
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Stomach

Explanation:

Three main enzymes, pepsin secreted by the stomach and trypsin and chymotrypsin secreted by the pancreas, break down food proteins into polypeptides that are then broken down by various exopeptidases and dipeptidases into amino acids.

 

Hence, digestion of protein begin in stomach.

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1 89
Q:

Where is excess glucose stored?

A) Blood B) Liver
C) Heart D) Kidneys
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Liver

Explanation:

Glucose is essential for energy in all the living organisms. When we have more glucose than needs in our bloodstream, then the excess glucose is stored as large compounds as Glycogen. This glycogen fills the cells of the liver and available for any quick shots of energy.

 

Hence, Liver is called as warehouse for the excess glucose.

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2 72
Q:

In recombinant DNA methods, the term vector can refer to

A) the sticky end of a DNA fragment B) a plasmid used to transfer DNA into a living cell
C) a DNA probe used to identify a particular gene D) the enzyme that cuts DNA into restriction fragments
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) a plasmid used to transfer DNA into a living cell

Explanation:

The term 'Vector' in recombinant DNA methods, refers to a plasmid or other agent used to transfer DNA into a living cell.

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