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Q:

The primary goal of conservation biology is to

A) counter the loss of biodiversity B) estimate the total number of species that exist
C) integrate human culture back into nature D) catalogue species

Answer:   A) counter the loss of biodiversity



Explanation:
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Q:

Gastrulation is the process that directly forms the

A) Ectoderm B) Endoderm
C) Mesoderm D) All of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) All of the above

Explanation:

Gastrulation rearranges the cells of the blastula and ultimately forms the three germ layers of the embryo. The primary layers that will form all of the major body and organ systems of the organism, these germ layers include the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.

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Q:

The thyroid hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism is

A) Parathyroid B) Thyroxin
C) Parathormone D) Estrogen
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Thyroxin

Explanation:

Thyroxin or Thyroxine is the thyroid hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism in the human body.

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Q:

Part of the plant where photosynthesis generally occurs

A) roots B) leaves
C) branches D) flowers
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) leaves

Explanation:

In a plant, photosynthesis generally occurs in the leaves part as leaves have chlorophyll which is used for making food using sunlight.

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Q:

Some niacin is formed in the body from

A) Liver B) Skin
C) Appendix D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Liver

Explanation:

Niacin is the name for vitamin(B3).

 

Liver can produce small amount of niacin from tryptophan.

 

To produce 1 mg of niacin we require 60 mg of tryptophan.

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Q:

A sudden loss of memory is a symptom of

A) Alzheimer's B) Dementia
C) Amnesia D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Amnesia

Explanation:

A sudden loss of memory is a symptom of Amnesia which is caused by an injury or damage to our brain. In that situation we cannot remember about ourself and our life.

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Q:

Androgens such as testosterone are produced by the

A) Spermatoganea B) Interstitial cells
C) Seminiferous D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Interstitial cells

Explanation:

Androgens such as testosterone are produced by the Interstitial cells.

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Q:

Which of these phosphorylates ADP to make ATP?

A) E B) B
C) C D) A
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) E

Explanation:

The ATP is synthesized from ADP and an inorganic phosphate and involves special channel proteins that are embedded in a membrane. ATP is formed in the electron transport chain of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

 

which_of_these_phosphorylates_adp_to_make_atp1554270963.jpg image

 

Photosynthesis only occurs in autotrophic organisms while respiration occurs in all types of organisms.

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Q:

Which is a difference between proteins and carbohydrates and fats?

A) Proteins are composed of monomers; carbohydrates and fats are not. B) Excess carbohydrates and fats are stored; excess proteins are not.
C) Proteins are macromolecules; carbohydrates and fats are not. D) Carbohydrates and fats contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; proteins do not.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Excess carbohydrates and fats are stored; excess proteins are not.

Explanation:

All proteins, carbohydrates and fats are macronutrients that we need to make living. They contribute to 90% of the dry weight of our diet. 

 

From the given options, Excess carbohydrates and fats are stored; excess proteins are not.

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