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Q:

The thyroid hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism is

A) Parathyroid B) Thyroxin
C) Parathormone D) Estrogen

Answer:   B) Thyroxin



Explanation:

Thyroxin or Thyroxine is the thyroid hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism in the human body.

Subject: Biology
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Q:

Increasing the Alveolar ventilation rate will

A) Increase the rate of carbon dioxide diffusion from the blood to the alveoli B) Decrease the partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli
C) Increase the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the alveoli D) Have no effect on either partial pressure or diffusion rate of gases
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Increase the rate of carbon dioxide diffusion from the blood to the alveoli

Explanation:

Increasing the Alveolar ventilation rate will increase the rate of carbon dioxide diffusion from the blood to the alveoli.

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Q:

Which organelles supply energy to the cell?

A) Mitochondria B) Cytoplasm
C) Ribosomes D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Mitochondria

Explanation:

Mitochondria which is present in both plant and animal cells supplies energy to the cells and hence called as the powerhouse of the cell.

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Q:

Which of the following organs do not have blood vessels?

A) Spleen B) Cornea
C) Liver D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Cornea

Explanation:

Corneas are only tissues that don’t have blood vessels. Tissues are the level cellular organization in the human body which lies between cells and a complete organ. Tissues of similar cells group together to form an organ.

 

There are four types of tissues. They are :

Epithelial,

Connective,

Muscular, and

Nervous tissue.

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1 12
Q:

Which of the following statements about vitamins is true?

A) Vitamins have a small caloric value B) Vitamins can serve as an energy supply for the body if certain criteria are met
C) Like protein and some minerals, vitamins contribute to the structure of the body D) Vitamins are indispensable for the maintenance of optimal health
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Vitamins are indispensable for the maintenance of optimal health

Explanation:

Vitamins are indispensable for the maintenance of optimal health is the only statement that is true about vitamins.

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1 7
Q:

Which cell feature is responsible for making proteins?

A) Chromosomes B) Nucleus
C) Ribosomes D) Cytoplasm
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Ribosomes

Explanation:

Ribosomes comprise a complex macro molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis. Ribosomes link amino acids together in the order specified by messenger RNA molecules.

 

which_cell_feature_is_responsible_for_making_proteins1558091245.jpg image

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2 76
Q:

Which of the following statements about the cytoskeleton is FALSE?

A) The bacterial cytoskeleton is not required for cell division and DNA segregation B) The cytoskeleton is made up of two types of protein filament
C) Protein monomers that are held together with covalent bonds to form cytoskeletal filaments D) The cytoskeleton of a cell can change in response to the environment
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Protein monomers that are held together with covalent bonds to form cytoskeletal filaments

Explanation:

Protein monomers that are held together with covalent bonds to form cytoskeletal filaments is the false statement about the cytoskeleton in the given options.

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0 14
Q:

Which of the following does nutritional genomics study?

A) how certain nutrients affect an individual's gene expression B) the precise amount of micronutrients the body needs
C) the protein content of an individual D) the genetic sequence of an individual's genome
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) how certain nutrients affect an individual's gene expression

Explanation:

Nutritional genomics is a science studying the effects of food and food constituents on gene expression and the relationship between human genome, nutrition and health. It is also known as nutrigenomics. It also studies how genetic variations affect the nutritional environment.

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0 14
Q:

Which of the following statements about enzymes is not true?

A) all enzymes have the same shape as their substrates B) enzymes are proteins
C) enzymes work best at a specified ph D) the shape of an enzyme allows it to do its job
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) all enzymes have the same shape as their substrates

Explanation:

All enzymes have the same shape as their substrates is the FALSE statement regarding enzymes.

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