.NET Questions

Q:

What is the basic difference between ASP and ASP.NET?

Answer

The basic difference between ASP and ASP.NET is that ASP is interpreted; whereas, ASP.NET is compiled. This implies that since ASP uses VBScript; therefore, when an ASP page is executed, it is interpreted. On the other hand, ASP.NET uses .NET languages, such as C# and VB.NET, which are compiled to Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL).

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Subject: .NET - Technology

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Q:

How can you send an email message from an ASP.NET Web page?

Answer

You can use the System.Net.Mail.MailMessage and the System.Net.Mail.SmtpMail classes to send an email in your Web pages. In order to send an email through your mail server, you need to create an object of the SmtpClient class and set the server name, port, and credentials.

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Q:

Explain how a web application works.

Answer

A web application resides in the server and serves the client’s requests over internet. The client access the web page using browser from his machine. When a client makes a request, it receives the result in the form of HTML which are interpreted and displayed by the browser.


A web application on the server side runs under the management of Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS). IIS passes the request received from client to the application. The application returns the requested result in the form of HTML to IIS, which in turn, sends the result to the client.

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Subject: .NET - Technology
Job Role: Software Architect

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Q:

Which interface implements the standard query operators in LINQ?

Answer

The standard query operators implement the IEnumerable<T> or the IQueryable<T> interface in C# and the IEnumerable(Of T) or the IQueryable(Of T) interface in Visual Basic.

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Q:

What are the different types of workflow in WF?

Answer

In WF 4.0, the following two types of workflows are used:

 
     Flowchart workflows - Helps you to create workflows using the common flowchart elements. In WF, the Flowchart activity is generally used to implement a non-sequential workflow, and occasionally it implements sequential workflows in case the FlowDecision nodes are not used. The Flowchart activity contains a collection of flow nodes, which inherit from the FlowNode class. The following types of nodes or elements can be a part of a flowchart:
                 => FlowStep - Executes activities of a flowchart in a sequence.
                 => FlowDecision - Shows the execution on the basis of a Boolean condition.   It is similar to the If construct.
                 => FlowSwitch - Shows the execution on the basis of an exclusive switch. It is similar to the Switch construct.


      Procedural workflows - Helps you to create workflows using basic and sequential execution standards. In WF, procedural workflows use flow control constructs, such as While, Switch, ForEach, and If, to execute activities. These flow control constructs are similar to those found in procedural languages. Procedural workflows can also contain other flow control activities, such as Flowchart and Sequence.

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Q:

Explain how garbage collection deals with circular references?

Answer

The .Net runtime knows about all the references between the objects. It can identify all the circular references that are reachable from the root and hence finalize them to free them all at once if and when needed.

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Q:

Explain how a .NET application is compiled and executed?

Answer

Any code written in any .NET complaint languages when compiled, converts into MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language) code in form of an assembly through CLS, CTS. IL is the language that CLR can understand. On execution, this IL is converted into binary code by CLR’s just in time compiler (JIT) and these assemblies or DLL are loaded into the memory.

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Q:

What is .NET Framework?

Answer

.NET Framework is a complete environment that allows developers to develop, run, and deploy the following applications:

 => Console applications
 => Windows Forms applications
 => Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) applications
 => Web applications (ASP.NET applications)
 => Web services
 => Windows services
 => Service-oriented applications using Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)
 => Workflow-enabled applications using Windows Workflow Foundation (WF)

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