Network Administration Questions

Q:

What do you meant by "triple X" in Networks?

Answer

The function of PAD (Packet Assembler Disassembler) is described in a document known as X.3. The standard protocol has been defined between the terminal and the PAD, called X.28; another standard protocol exists between hte PAD and the network, called X.29. 

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Q:

What are the important topologies for networks?

Answer

BUS topology:


In this each computer is directly connected to primary network cable in a single line.


 


STAR topology:


In this all computers are connected using a central hub.

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Q:

What is difference between ARP and RARP?

Answer

The address resolution protocol(ARP) is used to associate the 32 bit IP address with the 48 bit physical address, used by a host or a router to find the physical address of another host on its network by sending a ARP query packet that includes the IP address of the receiver.


The reverse address resolution protocol (RARP) allows a host to discover its Internet address when it knows only its physical address.

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Q:

Explain 5-4-3 rule

Answer

In a Ethernet network, between any two points on the network, there can be no more than five network segments or four repeaters, and of those five segments only three of segments can be populated.

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Q:

What is TELNET?

Answer

TELNET is a client-server application that allows a user to log on to a remote machine, giving the user access to the remote system. TELNET is an abbreviation of terminal Network.

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Q:

What is the difference between an unspecified passive open and a fully specified passive open?

Answer

An unspecified passive open has the server waiting for a connection request from a client. A fully specified passive


open has the server waiting for a connection from a specific client.

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Q:

What command-line tool would help you discover for which port numbers your computer is listening?

Answer

netstat -n  (on Dos prompt)

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Q:

What is the difference between a Hub and a Switch?

Answer

Hub is device to connect two devices, switch is a network bridge which processes and routes data approirately over network layer of OSI Reference model

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