Network Administration Questions

Q:

What is the Routing Information Protocol or RIP?

Answer

RIP is a is an interior gateway protocol that was often used in interior networks and in some degree in internet networks. It helps the router adapt to the modifications that are made in a network regarding connections. Now it become less used since more efficient protocols were implemented like OSPF or IS-IS. It is limited to a lower number of routers, a maximum of fifteen router.

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Q:

What does a VLAN do?

A) Breaks up broadcast domains in a layer 2 switch internetwork B) Provides multiple broadcast domains within a single collision domain
C) Provides multiple collision domains on one switch port D) Acts as the fastest port to all servers
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Breaks up broadcast domains in a layer 2 switch internetwork

Explanation:

virtual LAN (VLAN) is any broadcast domain that is partitioned and isolated in a computer network at the data link layer (OSI layer 2). LAN is the abbreviation for local area network and in this context, virtual refers to a physical object recreated and altered by additional logic.

VLANs work by applying tags to network packets and handling these tags in networking systems – creating the appearance and functionality of network traffic that is physically on a single network but acts as if it is split between separate networks. In this way, VLANs can keep network applications separate despite being connected to the same physical network, and without requiring multiple sets of cabling and networking devices to be deployed.

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Q:

What is multicast?

Answer

To send data/info to group of computers using same network

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Q:

Which of the following identifies broadband internet connections?

A) IP, Wi-Fi, FTTP B) FTP, OSP, IP
C) OSP, cellular radio network, FTP D) DSL, Wi-Fi, fixed wireless
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) DSL, Wi-Fi, fixed wireless

Explanation:

Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company offering access to internet. They offer various services:

1. Internet Access

2. Domain name registration

3. Dial-up access

4. Leased line access

 

There exist several ways to connect to the internet. Following are these connection types available:

* Dial-up Connection

* ISDN

* DSL

* Cable TV Internet connections

* Satellite Internet connections

* Wireless Internet Connections

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Q:

What is the difference between TCP and UDP?

Answer

TCP-Transmission Control Protocol


UDP- user Datagram protocol


UDP is user assisted program and converts the application into the encapsulated form and makes it end point for data to send and then TCP helps in transmission or broadcast!

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Q:

What command would you type in at a command prompt to view the IP address of the remote computer?

Answer

Ping


Netstat

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Q:

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of Fiber-Optic-based networks?

Answer

Advantages      : More efficient and quality of service is better.


Dis advantages: Expensive, complicated

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Q:

What is a TCP Session?

Answer

the layer that establishes ,manages and terminates the session between two communticating devices

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