SQL Questions

Q:

What is Log Shipping?

Answer

Log shipping is the process of automating the backup of database and transaction log files on a production SQL server, and then restoring them onto a standby server. Enterprise Editions only supports log shipping. In log shipping the transactional log file from one server is automatically updated into the backup database on the other server. If one server fails, the other server will have the same db and can be used this as the Disaster Recovery plan. The key feature of log shipping is that it will automatically backup transaction logs throughout the day and automatically restore them on the standby server at defined interval.

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Q:

Which of the following is not a relational database?

A) 4th Dimension B) Reflex
C) dBASE IV D) FoxPro
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Reflex

Explanation:
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Q:

Write SQL Query to find second highest salary of Employee.

Answer

There are many ways to find second highest salary of Employee in SQL, you can either use SQL Join or Subquery to solve this problem. Here is SQL query using Subquery :


SELECT MAX(Salary) from Employee WHERE Salary NOT IN (select MAX(Salary) FROM Employee );

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Q:

How to rebuild Master Database?

Answer

Master database is system database and it contains information about running server's configuration. When SQL Server 2005 is installed it usually creates master, model, msdb, tempdb resource and distribution system database by default. Only Master database is th one which is absolutely must have database. Without Master database SQL Server cannot be started. This is the reason it is extremely important to backup Master database.


To rebuild the Master database, Run Setup.exe, verify, and repair a SQL Server instance, and rebuild the system databases. This procedure is most often used to rebuild the master database for a corrupted installation of SQL Server.

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Q:

What is a linked server in SQL server?

Answer

It enables SQL server to address diverse data sources like OLE DB similarly. It allows Remote server access and has the ability to issue distributed queries, updates, commands and transactions.

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Q:

Embedded SQL is which of the following?

A) The process of making an application capable of generating specific SQL code on the fly. B) Hard-coded SQL statements in a trigger.
C) Hard-coded SQL statements in a program language such as Java. D) Hard-coded SQL statements in a procedure.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Hard-coded SQL statements in a program language such as Java.

Explanation:
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Q:

Which command using Query Analyzer will give you the version of SQL server and operating system?

Answer

SELECT SERVERPROPERTY ('productversion'), SERVERPROPERTY ('productlevel') and SERVERPROPERTY ('edition').

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Q:

How can you find a PL/SQL block, if the cursor is open?

Answer

By use of %ISOPEN status variable.


 

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