Network Administration Questions

Q:

What is difference between ARP and RARP?

Answer

The address resolution protocol(ARP) is used to associate the 32 bit IP address with the 48 bit physical address, used by a host or a router to find the physical address of another host on its network by sending a ARP query packet that includes the IP address of the receiver.


The reverse address resolution protocol (RARP) allows a host to discover its Internet address when it knows only its physical address.

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Q:

What is a stub network?

A) A network with only one entry and no exit point. B) A network that has only one entry and exit point.
C) A network with more than one exit point. D) A network with more than one exit and entry point.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) A network that has only one entry and exit point.

Explanation:

A stub network has only one default path to non-local hosts and no outside network knowledge. Non-local stub network traffic uses a single logical path when traveling in and out of the network.

 

Stub networks are essentially local area networks (LAN) that either do not connect to the outside and relay data packets internally or are dead-end LANs that know of only one network exit. Stub networks may have multiple connections but use one path to single points of destination.

 

Hence, a stub network is a network that has only one entry and exit point.

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Q:

What is TELNET?

Answer

TELNET is a client-server application that allows a user to log on to a remote machine, giving the user access to the remote system. TELNET is an abbreviation of terminal Network.

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Q:

What are the important topologies for networks?

Answer

BUS topology:


In this each computer is directly connected to primary network cable in a single line.


 


STAR topology:


In this all computers are connected using a central hub.

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Q:

Explain 5-4-3 rule

Answer

In a Ethernet network, between any two points on the network, there can be no more than five network segments or four repeaters, and of those five segments only three of segments can be populated.

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Q:

What is the difference between a Hub and a Switch?

Answer

Hub is device to connect two devices, switch is a network bridge which processes and routes data approirately over network layer of OSI Reference model

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Q:

What is the difference between an unspecified passive open and a fully specified passive open?

Answer

An unspecified passive open has the server waiting for a connection request from a client. A fully specified passive


open has the server waiting for a connection from a specific client.

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Q:

What command-line tool would help you discover for which port numbers your computer is listening?

Answer

netstat -n  (on Dos prompt)

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