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Q:

# Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. How many different arrangements of finishes are there if No Hope always finishes before Goldenrod and if all of the horses finish the race?

 A) 720 B) 360 C) 120 D) 640

Explanation:

Two horses A and B, in a race of 6 horses... A has to finish before B

if A finishes 1... B could be in any of other 5 positions in 5 ways and other horses finish in 4! Ways, so total ways 5*4!

if A finishes 2... B could be in any of the last 4 positions in 4 ways. But the other positions could be filled in 4! ways, so the total ways 4*4!

if A finishes 3rd... B could be in any of last 3 positions in 3 ways, but the other positions could be filled in 4! ways, so total ways 3*4!

if A finishes 4th... B could be in any of last 2 positions in 2 ways, but the other positions could be filled in 4! ways, so total ways... 2 * 4!

if A finishes 5th .. B has to be 6th and the top 4 positions could be filled in 4! ways..

A cannot finish 6th, since he has to be ahead of B

Therefore total number of ways = 5*4! + 4*4! + 3*4! + 2*4! + 4! = 120 + 96 + 72 + 48 + 24 = 360

Q:

If each of the vowels in the word 'MEAT' is kept unchanged and each of the consonants is replaced by the previous letter in the English alphabet, how many four-lettered meaningful words can be formed with the new letters, using each letter only once in each word?

 A) 3 B) 4 C) 1 D) 2

Explanation:

Filed Under: Permutations and Combinations
Exam Prep: Bank Exams

18 1485
Q:

In a bag containing red, green and pink tokens, the ratio of red to green tokens was 5 : 12 while the ratio of pink to red tokens was 7 : 15. What was the ratio of green to pink tokens?

 A) 25 : 28 B) 36 : 7 C) 8 :25 D) 12 : 7

Explanation:

Filed Under: Permutations and Combinations
Exam Prep: Bank Exams

7 1176
Q:

The ratio of the members of blue to red balls in abag is constant. When there were 44 red balls, the number of blue balls was 36. If the number of blue balls is 54, how many red balls will be in the bag?

 A) 68 B) 32 C) 64 D) 66

Explanation:

Filed Under: Permutations and Combinations
Exam Prep: Bank Exams

25 2285
Q:

If each vowel of the word NICELY is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series and each consonant is changed to the previous letter in the English alphabetical series and then the alphabets are arranged in alphabetical order, which of the following will be fourth from the left?

 A) M B) J C) B D) O

Explanation:

Thus after arranging the letters as per English alphabetical series; we get; Thus 4th letter from the left end will be K.

16 2341
Q:

How many such pair of letters are there in the word ‘TROUBLED’ which have as many letters between them in the word as they have between them in the English alphabet?

 A) 2 B) 3 C) 4 D) 5

Explanation:

Hence there are two pairs

13 1977
Q:

If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the first, the seventh, the ninth and the tenth letters of the word RECREATIONAL, using each letter only once, which of the following will be the third letter of the word? If more than one such word can be formed, give ‘X’ as the answer. If no such word can be formed, give ‘Z’ as the answer.

 A) T B) X C) N D) R

Explanation:

The first, the seventh, the ninth and the tenth letters of the word RECREATIONAL are R, T, O and N respectively. Meaningful word from these letters is only TORN. The third letter of the word is ‘R’.

6 1813
Q:

16 persons are participated in a party. In how many differentways can they host the seat in a circular table, if the 2particular persons are to be seated on either side of the host?

 A) 16! × 2 B) 14! × 2 C) 18! × 2 D) 14!

Explanation:

(16 – 2)! × 2 = 14! × 2

Filed Under: Permutations and Combinations
Exam Prep: Bank Exams

3 2526
Q:

From a pack of 52 cards, 3 cards are drawn together atrandom, What is the probability of both the cards are king?

 A) 1/5225 B) 1/5525 C) 5525 D) 1/525