1008
Q:

A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the number of coins of each type respectively.

A) 360, 160, 200 B) 160, 360, 200
C) 200, 360,160 D) 200,160,300

Answer:   C) 200, 360,160



Explanation:

let ratio be x.

Hence no. of coins be 5x ,9x , 4x respectively

Now given total amount = Rs.206

=> (.50)(5x) + (.25)(9x) + (.10)(4x) = 206

we get x = 40

=> No. of 50p coins = 200

=> No. of 25p coins = 360

=> No. of 10p coins = 160

Q:

16 : 56 :: 32 : ?

A) 196 B) 148
C) 132 D) 112
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 112

Explanation:

16 : 56 :: 32 : ?

Let the required number be 'n'

The given numbers follow a logic that,

16/56 = 2/7

=> 32/n = 2/7

=> 32 x 7/2 = n

=> n = 112.

 

Hence, 16 : 56 :: 32 : 112.

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8 430
Q:

Rice worth Rs. 126 per kg and Rs. 135 per kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1 : 1 : 2. If the mixture is worth Rs. 153 per kg, then the price of third variety of rice per kg?

A) Rs. 571.25 B) Rs. 175.5
C) Rs. 751.75 D) Rs. 850
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 175.5

Explanation:

Let the price of required variety = Rs. P/kg

Then, respective amounts were m kg, m kg and 2m kg

= 126m + 135m + 2pm = 153 x 4m

=> 2p = 351

p = 175.5 / kg

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28 1588
Q:

In a cricket match total number of runs scored by Virat, Dhoni and Rohit is 285. The ratio of the number of runs scored by Virat and Rohit is 3 : 2 and that of the runs scored by Rohit and Dhoni is also 3 : 2. The number of runs scored by Virat in that match?

A) 154 B) 135
C) 112 D) 106
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 135

Explanation:

From the given data,

Virat : Rohit = 3 : 2

Rohit : Dhoni = 3 : 2

Ratio of runs scored by Virat, Rohit and Dhoni respectively

= 3 x 3 : 2 x 3 : 2 x 2

9 : 6 : 4

Runs scored by Virat = 9/19 x 285 = 135.

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18 1914
Q:

Two vessel P and Q contain milk and water in ratio 3 : 2 and 5 : 3 respectively. If 10 liters of the mixture is removed from vessels P and poured in vessel Q then ratio of milk to water in vessel Q becomes 8 : 5. Find the initial quantity of water in vessel Q.

A) 10 lit B) 6 lit
C) 16 lit D) 12 lit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 10 lit

Explanation:

Given ratio of initial mixture of milk and water in Q = 5 : 3

Let the initial quantity of mixture in vessel Q = 8x

Let quantity of Milk = 5x and

Let quantity of water = 3x

According to the question,

5x + 10 x 353x + 10 x 25  = 85

=> 25x + 30 = 24x + 32

=> x = 2

Required Initial quantity of milk = 5x = 5 x 2 = 10 lit.

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14 1853
Q:

One year ago the ratio between Maneela’s and Shanthi’s salary was 3 : 4. The ratios of their individual salaries between last year’s and this year’s salaries are 4 : 5 and 2 : 3 respectively. At present the total of their salary is Rs. 4160. The salary of Maneela, now is?

A) Rs. 1600 B) Rs. 1700
C) Rs. 1800 D) Rs. 1900
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Rs. 1600

Explanation:

Let the salaries of Maneela and Shanthi one year before be M1, S1 & now be M2, S2 respectively.

Then, from the given data,

M1/S1 = 3/4  .....(1)

M1/M2 = 4/5 .....(2)

S1/S2 = 2/3  .....(3)

and M2 + S2 = 4160  .....(4)

 

Solving all these eqtns, we get M2 = Rs. 1600.

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35 6760
Q:

The ratio of Pens and Pencils in a shop is 3 : 2 respectively. The average number of Pens and Pencils is 180. What is the number of Pencils in the shop? 

A) 444 B) 344
C) 244 D) 144
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 144

Explanation:

Given ratio of pens and pencils = 3 :2

Number of Pens = 3x

Number of Pencils = 2x

Average number of pencils & Pens = 3x + 2x2 = 180

5x = 360

=> x = 72


Hence, the number of pencils = 2x = 72 x 2 = 144.

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29 4913
Q:

The ratio of boys and girls in a school is 9:5.If the total number of students in the school is 1050.Then number of boys is

Answer

Let the ratio be 'R'


Total number of students = 1050


Then,


9R + 5R = 1050


14R = 1050


=> R = 75


 


Hence, the number of boys = 9R = 9 x 75 = 675

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37 6374
Q:

3 : 12 :: 5 : ?

A) 17 B) 30
C) 26 D) 32
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 30

Explanation:

332 + 3 = 12552 + 5 = 30

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33 5376