**1. Answer : 4**

**Explanation : **Let the borrowing of Company A = x

Interest of Company A = 234000

Rate of Interest = 18%

$\therefore x\times \frac{18}{100}=234000\Rightarrow x=1300000$

Let the borrowing of Company B = y

Interest of Company B = 576000

Rate of interest = 24%

$\therefore y\times \frac{24}{100}=576000\Rightarrow y=2400000$

Required difference = y - x = 2400000 - 1300000 = Rs. 1100000

**2. Answer : 2**

**Explanation : **

Let the profit of Comapny B = 100%

Dividend Payout ratio(%) of B = 19.60

Remaining percent i.e retained earning = 100 - 19.60 = 80.4%

According to question, 80.4% = Rs.402 lakh

100% = Rs.500 lakh

Therefore, Total dividend paid by Company B = 500 - 402 = Rs. 98 lakh

Let the profit of company D = 100%

Dividend payout ratio (%) of D = 32.50

Remaining percent i.e retained earning = 100 - 32.50 = 67.5%

According to question, 67.5% = Rs. 270 lakh

100% = Rs. 400 lakh

Therefore, Total dividend paid by company D = 400 - 270 = Rs. 130 lakh

Required difference = 130 - 98 = Rs. 32 lakh

**3. Answer : 3**

**Explanation : **

Let the profit of Company C = 100%

Dividend payout ratio of C = 8.75%

Remaining percent i.e, retained earning = 100 - 8.75 = 91.25

According to question, 91.25% = Rs. 365 lakh

100% = Rs. 400 lakh

Therefore, Profit of C = Rs. 400 lakh

Let the profit of company E = 100%

Dividend payout ratio of E = 28%

Remaining percent i.e retained earning = 100 - 28 = 72%

According to question, 72% = Rs.216 lakh

100% = Rs.300 lakh

Therefore, Profit of E = Rs. 300 lakh

Required percentage = $\frac{100}{400}\times 100$ = 25% less

**4. Answer : 3**

**Explanation : **

Profit made by company A = Rs. 200 lakh

Profit made by company B = Rs. 500 lakh

Required Sum = 200 + 500 = Rs. 700 lakh

**5. Answer : 4**

**Explanation : **

Required Sum = 1300000 + 2400000 + 810000 + 1600000 + 1200000 = 7310000 = Rs. 73.1 lakh