Boats and Streams Questions

Q:

A boat sails 15 km of a river towards upstream in 5 hours. How long will it take to cover the same distance downstream, if the speed of current is one-fourth the speed of the boat in still water:

A) 1.8h B) 3h
C) 4h D) 5h
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 3h

Explanation:

Upstream speed = B-S

Downstream speed = B+s

B-S = 15/5 = 3 km/h

Again          B= 4S

Therefore    B-S = 3= 3S

=>             S = 1 and B= 4 km/h

Therefore    B+S = 5km/h

Therefore, Time during downstream = 15/5 = 3h

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Q:

A man can row 9 km/h in still water. It takes him twice as long as to row down. Find the rate of stream of the river ?

Answer

\inline \frac{Time\: taken\: in\: upstream}{Time\: taken\: in\: downstream} = \inline \frac{2}{1}


 \inline \therefore \inline \frac{Downstream\: speed}{upstream\: speed} = \inline \frac{2}{1}        where  \inline \frac{B+R}{B-R}=\frac{2}{1}


B ---> speed of boat in still water


R---->speed of current


\inline \Rightarrow \frac{B}{R}=\frac{3}{1}    ( By componendo and dividendo)


\inline \Rightarrow \frac{9}{R}=\frac{3}{1}\: \: \Rightarrow R= 3\: km/h

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Q:

A man goes down stream with a boat to some destination and returns upstream to his original place in 5 hours. If the speed of the boat in still water and the strean are 10km/hr and 14km/hr respectively, the distance of the destination from the string place is 

A) 16 km B) 18 km
C) 21 km D) 25 km
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 21 km

Explanation:

Let the distance covered be D km. 

\inline \frac{D}{10+4}+\frac{D}{10-4}=5

\Rightarrow \frac{D}{14}+\frac{D}{6}=5

\inline \Rightarrow 10D= 42\times 5=210

\inline \Rightarrow D= 21  km

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Q:

A motor boat takes 12 hours to go downstream and it takes 24 hours to return  the same distance. what is the time taken by  boat in still water?

A) 15 h B) 16 h
C) 8 h D) 20 h
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 16 h

Explanation:

If t1 and t2 are the upstream and down stream times. Then time taken in still water is given by 

\inline \frac{2\times t1\times t2}{t1+t2}=\frac{2\times 12\times 24}{36}=16h

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Q:

A man rows his boat 60 km downstream and 30 km upstream taking 3 hrs each time. Find the speed of the stream ?

A) 5 kmph B) 10 kmph
C) 15 kmph D) 45 kmph
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 5 kmph

Explanation:

Speed of the boat downstream   = 

Speed of the boat upstream 

 The speed of the stream = .

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