# Analytical Reasoning Questions

Q:

Find the number of triangles in the given figure.

 A) 28 B) 32 C) 36 D) 40

Explanation:

The simplest triangles are AML, LRK, KWD, DWJ, JXI, IYC, CYH, HTG, GOB, BOF, FNE and EMA i.e. 12 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are AEL, KDJ, HIC and FBG i.e. 4 in number.

The triangles composed of three components each are APF, EQB, BQH, GVC, CVJ, IUD, DUL and KPA i.e. 8 in number.

The triangles composed of six components each are ASB, BSG, CSD, DSA, AKF, EBH, GGJ and IDL i.e. 8 in number.

The triangles composed of twelve components each are ADB, ABC, BCD and CDA i.e. 4 in number.

Total number of triangles in the figure = 12 + 4 + 8 + 8 + 4 = 36.

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Q:

Find the minimum number of straight lines required to make the given figure.

 A) 11 B) 14 C) 16 D) 17

Explanation:

The horizontal lines are AK, BJ, CI, DH and EG i.e. 5 in number.

The vertical lines are AE, LF and KG i.e. 3 in number.

The slanting lines are LC, CF, FI, LI, EK and AG i.e. 6 in number.

Thus, there are 5 + 3 + 6 = 14 straight lines in the figure.

130 13153
Q:

What is the number of triangles that can be formed whose vertices are the vertices of an octagon but have only one side common with that of octagon?

 A) 64 B) 32 C) 24 D) 16

Explanation:

When the triangles are drawn in an octagon with vertices same as those of the octagon and having one side common to that of the octagon, the figure will appear as shown in (Fig. 1).

Now, we shall first consider the triangles having only one side AB common with octagon ABCDEFGH and having vertices common with the octagon (See Fig. 2).Such triangles are ABD, ABE, ABF and ABG i.e. 4 in number.

Similarly, the triangles having only one side BC common with the octagon and also having vertices common with the octagon are BCE, BCF, BCG and BCH (as shown in Fig. 3). i.e. There are 4 such triangles.

This way, we have 4 triangles for each side of the octagon. Thus, there are 8 x 4 = 32 such triangles.

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Q:

What is the number of straight lines and the number of triangles in the given figure.

 A) 10 straight lines and 34 triangles B) 9 straight lines and 34 triangles C) 9 straight lines and 36 triangles D) 10 straight lines and 36 triangles

Explanation:

The Horizontal lines are DF and BC i.e. 2 in number.

The Vertical lines are DG, AH and FI i.e. 3 in number.

The Slanting lines are AB, AC, BF and DC i.e. 4 in number.

Thus, there are 2 + 3 + 4 = 9 straight lines in the figure.

Now, we shall count the number of triangles in the figure.

The simplest triangles are ADE, AEF, DEK, EFK, DJK, FLK, DJB, FLC, BJG and LIC i.e. 10 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are ADF, AFK, DFK, ADK, DKB, FCK, BKH, KHC, DGB and FIC i.e. 10 in number.

The triangles composed of three components each are DFJ and DFL i.e. 2 in number.

The triangles composed of four components each are ABK, ACK, BFI, CDG, DFB, DFC and BKC i.e. 7 in number.

The triangles composed of six components each are ABH, ACH, ABF, ACD, BFC and CDB i.e. 6 in number.

There is only one triangle i.e. ABC composed of twelve components.

There are 10 + 10 + 2 + 7 + 6+ 1 = 36 triangles in the figure.

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Q:

Count the number of triangles and squares in the given figure.

 A) 36 triangles, 7 Squares B) 38 triangles, 9 Squares C) 40 triangles, 7 Squares D) 42 triangles, 9 Squares

Explanation:

The figure may be labelled as shown

Triangles :

The Simplest triangles are BGM, GHM, HAM, ABM, GIN, IJN, JHN, HGN, IKO, KLO, LJO, JIO, KDP, DEP, ELP, LKP, BCD and AFE i.e 18 in number

The triangles composed of two components each are ABG, BGH, GHA, HAB, HGI, GIJ, IJH, JHG, JIK, IKL, KLJ,LJI, LKD, KDE, DEL and ELK i.e 16 in number.

The triangles composed of four components each are BHI, GJK, ILD, AGJ, HIL and JKE i.e 6 in number.

Total number of triangles in the figure = 18 + 16 + 6 =40.

Squares :

The Squares composed of two components each are MGNH, NIOJ, and OKPL i.e 3 in number

The Squares composed of four components each are BGHA, GIJH, IKJL and KDEL i.e 4 in number

Total number of squares in the figure = 3 + 4 =7

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17 4035
Q:

Find the minimum number of straight lines required to make the given figure.

 A) 9 B) 11 C) 15 D) 16

Explanation:

The horizontal lines are DE, FH, IL and BC i.e. 4 in number.

The slanting lines are AC, DO, FN, IM, AB, EM and HN i.e. 7 in number.

Thus, there are 4 + 7 = 11 straight lines in the figure.

42 3708
Q:

Find the number of triangles in the given figure?

 A) 18 B) 20 C) 24 D) 27

Explanation:

The simplest triangles are IJO, BCJ, CDK, KQL, MLQ, GFM, GHN and NIO i.e. 8 in number.

The triangles composed of two components each are ABO, AHO, NIJ, IGP, ICP, DEQ, FEQ, KLM, LCP and LGP i.e.10 in number.

The triangles composed of four components each are HAB, DEF, LGI, GIC, ICL and GLC i.e. 6 in number.

Total number of triangles in the figure = 8 + 10 + 6 = 24.

9 2508
Q:

Determine the number of rectangles and hexagons in the following figure.

 A) 30, 5 B) 32, 3 C) 28, 5 D) 30, 3

Explanation:

The figure may be labelled as shown

Rectangles :

The simplest rectangles are CVSR, VETS, RSWM and STKW i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of two components each are CETR, VEKW, RTKM and CVWM i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of three components each are ACRP, PRMO, EGHT and THIK i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of four components each are CEKM, AVSP, PSWO,VGHS and SHIW i.e 5 in number.

The rectangles composed of five components each are AETP, PTKO, CGHR and RHIM i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of six components each are ACMO and EGIK i.e 2 in number.

The rectangles composed of eight components each are AGHP, PHIO, AVWO and VGIW i.e 4 in number.

The rectangles composed of ten components each are AEKO and CGIM i.e 2 in number.

AGIO is the only rectangle having sixteen components

Total number of rectangles in the given figure = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 4 + 2 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 30.

Hexagons :

The hexagons in the given figure are CDEKLM, CEUKMQ, CFHJMQ, BEUKNP and BFHJNP. So, there are 5 hexagons in the given figure.