Time and Work Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  TIME  AND  WORK  QUESTIONS

 

 

1. If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =

2. If A’s 1 day's work =, then A can finish the work in n days.

 

3. A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

 

NOTE : 

Hence, 

 

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = 

Q:

A take twice as much time as B or thrice as much time to finish a piece of work. Working together, they can finish the work in 2 days. B can do the work alone in ?

A) 3 hrs B) 6 hrs
C) 7 hrs D) 5 hrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 6 hrs

Explanation:

Suppose A, B and C take x, x/2 and x/3 respectively to finish the work.
Then, (1/x + 2/x + 3/x) = 1/2
6/x = 1/2 => x = 12
So, B takes 6 hours to finish the work.

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3 749
Q:

If 6 engines consume 24 metric tonnes of coal, when each is working 8 hours day, how much coal will be required for 9 engines, each running 13hours a day, it being given that 2 engines of former type consume as much as 3 engines of latter type ?

A) 45 metric tonnes B) 47 metric tonnes
C) 55 metric tonnes D) 34 metric tonnes
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 45 metric tonnes

Explanation:

2 engines of former type for one hour consumes 2x24/(6x8) = 1 metric ton
i.e. 3 engines of latter type consumes 1 ton for one hour
hence 9 engines consumes 3 tons for one hour
for 15 hours it is 15 x 3 = 45 metric tonnes.

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1 744
Q:

K can build a wall in 30 days. L can demolish that wall in 60 days. If K and L work on alternate days, when will the wall be completed ?

A) 120 days B) 119 days
C) 118 days D) 117 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 117 days

Explanation:

K's work in a day(1st day) = 1/30
L's work in a day(2nd day)= -1/60(demolishing)
hence in 2 days, combined work= 1/30 - 1/60
=1/60
since both works alternatively, K will work in odd days and L will work in even days.
1/60 unit work is done in 2 days
58/60 unit work will be done in 2 x 58 days = 116 days
Remaining work = 1-58/60
= 2/60
= 1/30
Next day, it will be K's turn and K will finish the remaining 1/30 work.
hence total days = 116 + 1 = 117.

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5 729
Q:

3 men, 4 women and 6 children can complete a work in 7 days. A woman does double the work a man does and a child does half the work a man does. How many women alone can complete this work in 7 days  ?

A) 6 B) 9
C) 5 D) 7
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7

Explanation:

Let 1 woman's 1 day work = x.

Then, 1 man's 1 day work = x/2 and 1 child's 1 day work  x/4.

So, (3x/2 + 4x + + 6x/4) = 1/7

28x/4 = 1/7 => x = 1/49

1 woman alone can complete the work in 49 days.

So, to complete the work in 7 days, number of women required = 49/7 = 7.

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1 723
Q:

A can do a piece of work in 30 days. He works at it for 6 days and then B finishes it in 18 days. In what time can A and B together it ?

A) 14 1/2 days B) 11 days
C) 13 1/4 days D) 12 6/7 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 12 6/7 days

Explanation:

Let 'B' alone can do the work in 'x' days

6/30 + 18/x = 1
x = 22.5
1/30 + 1/22.5 = 7/90

=> 90/7 = 12 6/7 days

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