# Time and Work Questions

**FACTS AND FORMULAE FOR TIME AND WORK QUESTIONS**

**1. **If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =$\frac{1}{n}$

**2. **If A’s 1 day's work =$\frac{1}{n}$, then A can finish the work in n days.

**3. **A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

NOTE :

$Efficiency\propto \frac{1}{Nooftimeunits}$

$\therefore Efficiency\times Time=Cons\mathrm{tan}tWork$

Hence, $Requiredtime=\frac{Work}{Efficiency}$

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = $\frac{100}{Efficiency}$

A) 9 hrs | B) 7 hrs |

C) 13 hrs | D) 11 hrs |

Explanation:

Given,

P can fill in 12 hrs

Q can fill in 15 hrs

R can fill in 20 hrs

=> Volume of tank = LCM of 12, 15, 20 = 60 lit

=> P alone can fill the tank in 60/12 = 5 hrs

=> Q alone can fill the tank in 60/15 = 4 hrs

=> R alone can fill the tank in 60/20 = 3 hrs

Tank can be filled in the way that

(P+Q) + (P+R) + (P+Q) + (P+R) + ....

=> Tank filled in 2 hrs = (5+4) + (5+3) = 9 + 8 = 17 lit

=> In 6 hrs = 17 x 6/2 = 51 lit

=> In 7th hr = 51 + (5+4) = 51 + 9 = 60 lit

=> So, total tank will be filled in **7 hrs**.

A) 87.5 | B) 89 |

C) 91.5 | D) 93.5 |

Explanation:

We have M1 D1 H1 / W1 = M2 D2 H2 / W2 (Variation rule)

(60 x 30 x 8)/ 150 = (35 x D2 x 6) / 200

D2 = (60 x 30 x 8 x 200) / (150 x 35 x 6) => D2 = 91.42 days =~ 91.5 days.

A) 25 | B) 24 |

C) 23 | D) 21 |

Explanation:

(A+B+C) do 1 work in 10 days.

So (A+B+C)'s 1 day work=1/10 and as they work together for 4 days so workdone by them in 4 days=4/10=2/5

Remaining work=1-2/5=3/5

(B+C) take 10 more days to complete 3/5 work. So( B+C)'s 1 day work=3/50

Now A'S 1 day work=(A+B+C)'s 1 day work - (B+C)'s 1 day work=1/10-3/50=1/25

A does 1/25 work in in 1 day

Therefore 1 work in 25 days.

A) 10 2/3 days | B) 13 1/5 days |

C) 12 2/3 days | D) 11 5/7 days |

Explanation:

3/15 + 4/16 + x/24 = 1

$\Rightarrow x=13\frac{1}{5}$

A) 24 $ | B) 22 $ |

C) 16 $ | D) 14 $ |

Explanation:

Let the 1 day work of a boy=b and a girl=g, then

2b + g = 1/5 ---(i) and

b + 2g = 1/6 ---(ii)

On solving (i) & (ii), b=7/90, g=2/45

As payment of work will be in proportion to capacity of work and a boy is paid $ 28/week,

so a girl will be paid $28\times \frac{{\displaystyle \frac{2}{45}}}{{\displaystyle \frac{7}{90}}}$ = 16 $.

A) 56 days | B) 54 days |

C) 60 days | D) 64 days |

Explanation:

(P+Q)'s 1 day work = 1/24

P's 1 day work = 1/32

=> Q's 1 day work = 1/24 - 1/32 = 1/96

Work done by (P+Q) in 8 days = 8/24 = 1/3

Remainining work = 1 - 1/3 = 2/3

Time taken by Q to complete the remaining work = 2/3 x 96 = 64 days.

A) 47/7 days | B) 59/6 days |

C) 48/5 days | D) 57/5 days |

Explanation:

Amount of work K can do in 1 day = 1/16

Amount of work L can do in 1 day = 1/12

Amount of work K, L and M can together do in 1 day = 1/4

Amount of work M can do in 1 day = 1/4 - (1/16 + 1/12) = 3/16 – 1/12 = 5/48

=> Hence M can do the job on 48/5 days = 9 (3/5) days

A) 3 days | B) 6 days |

C) 4 days | D) 2 days |

Explanation:

From the given data,

=> (2 M + 3W) 8 = (3M + 2W)7

=> 16M + 24W = 21M + 14 W

=> 10W = 5M

=> 2W = M

=> 14W × **?** = 7W × 8

**?** = **4 days**