Time and Work Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  TIME  AND  WORK  QUESTIONS

 

 

1. If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =

2. If A’s 1 day's work =, then A can finish the work in n days.

 

3. A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

 

NOTE : 

Hence, 

 

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = 

Q:

A group of workers was put on a job. From the second day onwards, one worker was withdrawn each day. The job was finished when the last worker was withdrawn. Had no worker been withdrawn at any stage, the group would have finished the job in 55% of the time. How many workers were there in the group?

A) 50 B) 40
C) 45 D) 10
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 10

Explanation:

It can be solved easily through option.

        \inline \left ( 10+9+8+....+1 \right )=10\left ( 10\times \frac{55}{100} \right )

                     55 = 55     Hence correct

 

Alternatively:

        \inline \frac{n(n+1)}{2}=n\times \frac{55n}{100}

         => n= 10

In Both cases total work is 55man-days.

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Q:

A and B can do a work in 4 hours and 12 hours respectively. A starts the work at 6 AM and they work alternately for one hour each. When will the work be completed?

A) 4 days B) 5 days
C) 6 days D) 7 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 6 days

Explanation:

Work donee by A and B in the first two hours, working alternatively = First hour A + Second hour B = (1/4) + (1/12) = 1/3.

Thus, the total time required to complete the work  = 2 (3) = 6 days 

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Q:

A contractor undertakes to complete a work in 130 days. He employs 150 men for 25 days and they complete 1/4 of the work . He then reduces the number of men to 100, who work for 60 days, after which there are 10 days holidays.How many men must be employed for the remaining period to finish the work?

Answer

150 men in 25 days do =  work


   1 man in 1 day does =  work


 100 men in 60 days do =  work


Total work done = 


 Remaining work =


Remaining time = 130 - (25+60+10) = 35 days


work is done in 25 days  by 150 men


 work is done in 35 days by  men

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8 3288
Q:

A is twice efficient as B and together they do the same work in as much time as C and D together. If C and D can complete the work in 20 and 30 daysrespectively, working alone ,then in how many days A can complete the work individually:

A) 12 days B) 18 days
C) 24 days D) 30 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 18 days

Explanation:

                                              A     +      B        =      C     +     D

                                              |              |                 |             |

    Ratio of efficiency         10x   +    5x               9x     +   6x

                                            |________|                 |_________|  

                                                 15x                           15x

Therefore , ratio of efficiency of A:C  =10:9

Therefore,  ratio of days taken by A:C = 9:10

Therefore, number of days taken by A = 18 days                 

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6 2883
Q:

When A, B and C are deployed for a task , A and B together do 70% of the work and B and C together do 50% of the work. who is most efficient?

A) A B) B
C) C D) can't be determined
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) A

Explanation:

A + B= 70%            \inline \fn_jvn \begin{bmatrix} \therefore (A+B)+(B+c)-(A+B+C)=B\\ 70+50-100=20 \end{bmatrix}

B + C =50% 

 

          \inline \fn_jvn \Rightarrow B= 20%     A= 50%        and   C=30%

Hence A is most efficient

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