Time and Work Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  TIME  AND  WORK  QUESTIONS

 

 

1. If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =

2. If A’s 1 day's work =, then A can finish the work in n days.

 

3. A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

 

NOTE : 

Hence, 

 

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = 

Q:

Pipe A can fill the tank in 4 hours,while pipe B can fill it in 6 hours working separately.pipe C can empty whole the tank in 4 hours. He opened the pipe A and B simultaneously to fill the empty tank. He wanted to adjust his alarm so that he could open the pipe C when it was half-filled, but he mistakenly adjusted his alarm at a time when his tank would be 3/4th filled. what is the time difference between both the cases, to fill the tank fully:

A) 48 min B) 54 min
C) 30 min D) none of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 54 min

Explanation:

In ideal Case:

         Time taken to fill the half tank by A and B = \inline \fn_jvn \frac{50}{41.66} =\inline \fn_jvn \frac{6}{5} hours

         Time taken by A,B and C to fill rest half of the tank =\inline \fn_jvn \frac{50}{16.66} = 3 hours

         Total time = \inline \fn_jvn \frac{6}{5}+3 = 4 hours 12 min

In second case:

         Time taken to fill \inline \fn_jvn \frac{3}{4} tank by A and B =\inline \fn_jvn \frac{75}{41.66}=\frac{9}{5} hours

         Time taken by A,B and C to fill rest \inline \fn_jvn \frac{1}{4} tank = \inline \fn_jvn \frac{25}{16.66}=\frac{3}{2} hours

         Total time =\inline \fn_jvn \frac{9}{5}+\frac{3}{2} =3 hours 18 min

Therefore , difference in time = 54 minutes

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Q:

A contractor undertakes to complete a work in 130 days. He employs 150 men for 25 days and they complete 1/4 of the work . He then reduces the number of men to 100, who work for 60 days, after which there are 10 days holidays.How many men must be employed for the remaining period to finish the work?

Answer

150 men in 25 days do =  work


   1 man in 1 day does =  work


 100 men in 60 days do =  work


Total work done = 


 Remaining work =


Remaining time = 130 - (25+60+10) = 35 days


work is done in 25 days  by 150 men


 work is done in 35 days by  men

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Q:

A and B can do a work in 4 hours and 12 hours respectively. A starts the work at 6 AM and they work alternately for one hour each. When will the work be completed?

A) 4 days B) 5 days
C) 6 days D) 7 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 6 days

Explanation:

Work donee by A and B in the first two hours, working alternatively = First hour A + Second hour B = (1/4) + (1/12) = 1/3.

Thus, the total time required to complete the work  = 2 (3) = 6 days 

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Q:

When A, B and C are deployed for a task , A and B together do 70% of the work and B and C together do 50% of the work. who is most efficient?

A) A B) B
C) C D) can't be determined
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) A

Explanation:

A + B= 70%            \inline \fn_jvn \begin{bmatrix} \therefore (A+B)+(B+c)-(A+B+C)=B\\ 70+50-100=20 \end{bmatrix}

B + C =50% 

 

          \inline \fn_jvn \Rightarrow B= 20%     A= 50%        and   C=30%

Hence A is most efficient

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Q:

Four pipes A,B, C and D can fill a cistern  in 20,25, 40 and 50 hours respectively.The first pipe A was opened at 6:00 am, B at 8:00 am, C at 9:00 am and D at 10:00 am. when will the Cistern be full?

A) 4:18 pm B) 3:09 pm
C) 12:15 pm D) 11:09 am
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 3:09 pm

Explanation:

Efficiency of P= 5%

Efficiency of Q= 4%

Efficiency of R= 2.5%

Efficiency of S= 2%

\inline \left.\begin{matrix} Till \; 10\: am \; pipe\; P \; filled\; 20\; percent\\ Till \; 10\: am \; pipe\; Q \; filled\; 8\; percent\\ Till \; 10\: am \; pipe\; R \; filled\; 2.5\; percent \end{matrix}\right\}30.5 %

Thus, at 10 am pipe P,Q and R filled 30.5% of the cistern.

Now, the time taken by P,Q,R and S together to fill the remaining capacity of the cistern

       =\inline \frac{69.5}{13.5} = \inline \frac{139}{27} =5 Hours and 9 minutes(approx)

Therefore, total time =4 hrs + 5hrs 9 mins

                              = 9 hrs and 9 mins

It means cistern will be filled up at 3:09 pm

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