CAT Questions

Q:

What was the day on 15th august 1947 ?

A) Friday B) Saturday
C) Sunday D) Thursday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Friday

Explanation:

15 Aug, 1947 = (1946 years + Period from 1.1.1947 to 15.8.1947)

Odd days in 1600 years = 0

Odd days in 300 years = 1

46 years = (35 ordinary years + 11 leap years) = (35 x 1 + 11 x 2)= 57 (8 weeks + 1 day) = 1 odd day

Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May.   Jun.   Jul.   Aug

( 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 15 ) = 227 days = (32 weeks + 3 days) = 3 odd days.

Total number of odd days = (0 + 1 + 1 + 3) = 5 odd days.

Hence, as the number of odd days = 5 , given day is Friday.

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509 81069
Q:

Tea worth of Rs. 135/kg & Rs. 126/kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1: 1 : 2. If the mixture is worth Rs. 153 per kg, the price of the third variety per kg will be____?

A) Rs. 169.50 B) Rs.1700
C) Rs. 175.50 D) Rs. 180
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 175.50

Explanation:

Since first second varieties are mixed in equal proportions, so their average price = Rs. = Rs.130.50

So, Now the mixture is formed by mixing two varieties, one at Rs. 130.50 per kg and the other at say Rs. 'x' per kg in the ratio 2 : 2, i.e., 1 : 1. We have to find 'x'.

Cost of 1 kg tea of 1st kind         Cost of 1 kg tea of 2nd kind

 

 

x-153/22.50 = 1  => x - 153 = 22.50  => x=175.50.

Hence, price of the third variety = Rs.175.50 per kg.

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33 33770
Q:

The diluted wine contains only 8 liters of wine and the rest is water. A new mixture whose concentration is 30%, is to be  formed by replacing wine. How many liters of mixture shall be replaced with pure wine if there was initially 32 liters of water in the mixture ?

A) 4 B) 5
C) 8 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 5

Explanation:

           Wine                         Water

            8L                              32L

            1                :               4

           20 %                           80% (original ratio)

           30 %                           70% (required ratio)

In  ths case, the percentage of water being reduced when the mixture is being replaced with wine.

so the ratio of left quantity to the initial quantity is 7:8

Therefore , 

=>  = K = 5 Lit

 

   

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16 3672
Q:

A man is facing north-west. He turns  in the clockwise direction, then  in the anticlockwise direction and then another  in the same direction. Which direction is he facing now?

A) South B) South-west
C) South-east D) East
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) South-east

Explanation:

As shown in fig. the man initially faces in the direction OP. On moving  clockwise, he faces in the direction OX. On further moving  anticlockwise, he faces in the direction OY. Finally, on moving  anticlockwise, he faces in the direction OZ, which is South-east.new1497431743.jpg image

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19 3098
Q:

There are three rooms in a Hotel: one single, one double and one for four persons. How many ways are there to house seven persons in these rooms ?

A) 105 B) 7! x 6!
C) 7!/5! D) 420
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 105

Explanation:

Choose 1 person for the single room & from the remaining choose 2 for the double room & from the remaining choose 4 people for the four person room,

Then, 7C1 x 6C2 x 4C4
     = 7 x  x 1
     = 7 x 15 = 105.
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