4
Q:

A salesman gets commission on total sales at 9%. If the sale is exceeded Rs.10,000 he gets an additional commission as bonus of 3% on the excess of sales over Rs.10,000. If he gets total commission of Rs.1380, then the bonus he received is:

A) Rs.180 B) Rs.120
C) Rs.480 D) data insufficient

Answer:   B) Rs.120

Explanation:

Commission up to 10000 = \inline 10000\times \frac{9}{100} = 900

Again after 10000, 

              Commission    :  Bonus

                        9         :   3

\inline \Rightarrow                   3x        :   x

\therefore     Bonus = \inline (1380-900)\times \frac{1}{4}= Rs.120

Q:

What percent is 120 of 85 ?

A) 133.33 % B) 141.17 %
C) 145.54 % D) 139.29 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 141.17 %

Explanation:

=> p = 12000/85 = 141.17 %

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1 9
Q:

A number increased by 30% gives 390. The number is

A) 180 B) 300
C) 480 D) 260
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 300

Explanation:

Let the number be 'N'
Given N + 30N/100 = 390
=> 130N/100 = 390
=> N = 390 x 10/13
=> N = 300.

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1 10
Q:

If 25% of a number is subtracted from a second number, the second number reduces to its four-sixth. What is the ratio of the first number to the second number  ?

A) 4:3 B) 2:3
C) 3:2 D) 5:3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 4:3

Explanation:

Let the numbers be p & q

q-p/4 = 4q/6

=> q-4q/6 = p/4

=> 2q/6 = p/4 

=> p/q = 4/3

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2 37
Q:

A number, when 35 is subtracted from it, reduces to its 80 percent. What is four - fifth of that number  ?

A) 175 B) 140
C) 135 D) 95
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 140

Explanation:

x - 35 = 80x/100 

=> x = 175 

=> 4x/5 = 4x175/5 = 140.

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3 44
Q:

5% people of a village in India died by dengue, 15% of the remainder left the village on account of fear. If now the population is reduced to 3553, how much was it in the beginning ?

A) 4400 B) 3100
C) 2800 D) 5600
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 4400

Explanation:

Let 'P' be the original population at the beginning

P x (95/100) x (85/100) = 3553

P = 4400.

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