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Q:

A Shopkeeper  charges sales tax of x% upto Rs.2,000 and above it he charges y%. A customer pays total tax of Rs 320, when he purchases the goods worth Rs. 6,000 and he pay's the total tax of Rs. 680 for the goods worth Rs. 12,000. The value of (x-y) is:

A) 0 B) -2
C) -4 D) 5

Answer:   B) -2

Explanation:

          \inline 2000\times \frac{x}{100}+4000\times \frac{y}{100}=320

and     \inline 2000\times \frac{x}{100}+10,000\times \frac{y}{100}=680

\therefore        x = 4  and  y = 6

\therefore         x-y = -2

Q:

Ram sell his goods 25% cheaper than Shyam and 25% dearer than Bram. How much % is Bram's good cheaper than Shyam ?

A) 60% B) 40%
C) 50% D) 30%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 40%

Explanation:

Lets say shyam sells at 100,

Since Ram sells 25% cheaper than Shyam,

Therefor Ram sells at less than 25% of100 or 75 rs.

Ram sells 25% dearer than Bram or 125% of Ram =100% of Bram or

125% of x (say x price of bram )=75rs.
or 100% of x =60rs.
hence price of bram is 60rs.

now Bram's good is cheaper than Shyam's as (100-60)x100/100% or 40%.

Hence Brams Good is 40% cheaper than that of Shyam's good.

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Q:

What is better, to have 70% discount or 40 and 30% discount consequently ?

A) 40% is better B) 70% is better
C) Both are same D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 70% is better

Explanation:

Let Price be Rs.100

1st CASE:

Then 100 x 70/100 = 70
=> price after discount = 100-70 = Rs.30

2nd CASE:

Then 100 x 40/100 = 40
=> price after discount = 100-40 = Rs.60
then
60 x 30/100 = 18
=> price after 2 consequent discount = 60-18 = Rs.42

=>from 1 and 2 cases, 70% discount is better.

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Q:

Prashanth sold a album for $ 735 and made a profit of 22.5% . The cost price of the album went up by $120 and so Prashanth increased the selling price by $120. What is his profit % now ?

A) 19.32 % B) 18.75 %
C) 21.41 % D) 22 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 18.75 %

Explanation:

Prashanth sold a album for $ 735 and made a profit of 22.5% .
CP = 735 x 100/122.5 = Rs. 600
New CP = 600 + 120 = Rs. 720
New SP = 735 + 120 = Rs. 855.

Profit = Rs. 135.

profit % = 100 x 135/720 = 18.75%.

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Q:

Value of vehicle at end of each year depreciates at the rate of 3/5th of value at the beginning. If Initial value is 10,000Rs then at the end of three years its value is ? 

A) Rs. 6000 B) Rs. 3600
C) Rs. 2160 D) Rs. 415
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 2160

Explanation:

End of first year     :  10000 x (3/5) = Rs. 6000
End of second year :  6000 x (3/5) = Rs. 3600
End of third year    :  3600 x (3/5) = Rs. 2160

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Q:

Tanks A and B are each in the shape of a right circular cylinder. The interior of tank A has a height of 10 meters and a circumference of 8 meters, and the interior of tank B has a height of 8 meters and a circumference of 10 meters. The capacity of tank A is what percent of the capacity of tank B ?

A) 76% B) 72%
C) 80% D) 82%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 80%

Explanation:

circumference of A =  = 8 => so r =
volume = =
circumference of B =   = 10 => so r = 
volume =  =  
so ratio of capacities = 160/200 = 0.8
so capacity of A will be 80% of the capacity of B.

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