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Q:

A Shopkeeper  charges sales tax of x% upto Rs.2,000 and above it he charges y%. A customer pays total tax of Rs 320, when he purchases the goods worth Rs. 6,000 and he pay's the total tax of Rs. 680 for the goods worth Rs. 12,000. The value of (x-y) is:

A) 0 B) -2
C) -4 D) 5

Answer:   B) -2

Explanation:

          \inline 2000\times \frac{x}{100}+4000\times \frac{y}{100}=320

and     \inline 2000\times \frac{x}{100}+10,000\times \frac{y}{100}=680

\therefore        x = 4  and  y = 6

\therefore         x-y = -2

Q:

If the numerator of a fraction is increased by 150% and the denominator of the fraction is increased by 350%, the resultant fraction is 25/51. What is the original fraction ?

A) 31/25 B) 15/17
C) 14/25 D) 11/16
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 15/17

Explanation:

The original fraction is   =   = 15/17.

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Q:

Three strategies P, Q and R have been initiated for cost cutting in a company producing respectively 20%, 30% and 10% savings. Assuming that they operate independently, what is the net saving achieved ?

A) 49.6% B) 50.4%
C) 33.67% D) 66.66%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 49.6%

Explanation:

As these three strategies P, Q and R are independent so these will cut cost one after the other.
If initial cost is Rs 100, then
20% cost is cut after initializing strategy P, then cost will remain 80% = 80
further 30% cost is cut after strategy Q, then cost will remain 70% of 80 = 56
further 10% cost is cut after strategy R, then cost will remain 90% of 56 = 50.4

Thus final cost remains 50.4 % of the original cost. Hence net saving is 100 - 50.4 = 49.6 %.

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Q:

Population of a colony of mosquitoes is increasing by 20% per day. If the population on Monday was 3000, on which day of that week the population would be 5184 ?

A) Thursday B) Friday
C) Tuesday D) Monday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Thursday

Explanation:

Given monday population = 3000
Per day 20% increase in population.

Tuesday population = 3000 + 3000x20/100 = 3000 + 600 = 3600

Wednesday population =3600 + 3600x20/100 = 3600 + 720 = 4320

Thursday population = 4320 + 4320x20/100 = 4320 + 864 = 5184

So that day is Thursday.

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Q:

A farmer divides his herd of k cows among his 4 sons, so that one son gets one half of the herd, the second gets one-fourth, the third gets one-fifth and the fourth gets 9 cows. Then k is equal to ?

A) 160 B) 120
C) 140 D) 180
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 180

Explanation:

Given total number of cows = k
Now, 1st son share = k/2
2nd son share = k/4
3rd son share = k/5
4th son share = 9

(k) + (k/4) + (k/5) + 9 = k
=> k - (19k/20) = 9
=> (20k-19k)/20 = 9
=> k = 180.

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Q:

The payment per hour for a daily-wages employee is increased by 33.33 and the working time is reduced by 33.33%. What is the percentage change in the employee's income ?

A) 11.11% decrease B) 21.11% increase
C) 11.11% increase D) 21.11% decrease
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 11.11% decrease

Explanation:

If earlier he is getting Rs. 1  per hr and working for 1 hr, income = Rs. 1
Now he is getting Rs 1.3333 per hr and working for 0.66667 hrs

Then income for 0.66667 hrs = Rs. 0.8889.

If payment per hr is increased by 33.33 %  and working hours dereased by 33.33%, then 11.11 % decrease in income.

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