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Q:

For accurate scientific work, temperatures are often measured by

A) mercury thermometers B) alcohol thermometers
C) platinum resistance thermometers D) thermoelectric thermometers

Answer:   C) platinum resistance thermometers



Explanation:

The resistance of metallic conductors e.g, platinum, increases with rise of  temperature . The increase in temperature results in a decrease of current which can be recorded in a galvanometer if the conductor is included in an electrical circuit. Thus the temperature can be known; platinum resistance thermometer is used generally for accurate scientific work. When two dissimilar metals are joined at the ends, and these ends are subjected to a difference of temperature, a current flows through the metals. Greater the difference of temperature , greater the current. So the curent strength can form the basis for measuring the difference in temperature. And when one of these temperatures is known, we can calculate the other.

Subject: Physics
Q:

What is the full form of "RADAR" ?

A) Radio Detecting and Ranging B) Region Device and Ranging
C) Radio Detect and Rangs D) Radio Device and Ranging
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Radio Detecting and Ranging

Explanation:
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Q:

If a carrier wave of 1000 kHz is used to carry the signal, the length of transmitting antenna will be equal to _____ ?

A) 300 m B) 30 m
C) 3 m D) 0.3 m
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 300 m

Explanation:

h =  straight c over straight v = 3 × 108/106 = 300 m

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Q:

Quality of transmission depends upon

A) Nature of signal only B) Nature of medium only
C) Both (A) and (B) D) Neither A nor B
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Both (A) and (B)

Explanation:

Quality of transmission is governed both by nature of signal and nature of communication channel/medium.

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Q:

The rate of change of linear momentum of a body falling freely under gravity is equal to it's ____ ?

A) Kinetic Energy B) Weight
C) Potential Energy D) Impulse
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Weight

Explanation:

Rate of change of impulse equals the force . In case of freely falling body the only force is the weight.

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Q:

A disk and a sphere of same radius but different masses roll on two inclined planes of the same altitude and length. Which one of the two objects gets to the bottom of the plane first ?

A) Depends on their masses B) Sphere
C) Disk D) Both reach at the same time
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Sphere

Explanation:

Time does not depend on mass, else

  => is least for 'sphere' and

hence least time is taken by sphere.

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