Physics Questions

Q:

The working principle of a washing machine is

A) reverse osmosis B) diffusion
C) centrifugation D) dialysis
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) centrifugation

Explanation:

The working principle of a washing machine is centrifugation.

 

The_working_principle_of_a_washing_machine_is1542349278.jpg image

 

Centrifugation is a separation process which uses the action of centrifugal force to promote accelerated settling of particles in a solid-liquid mixture.

The washing machine consists of centrifuge for this purpose. A centrifuge is a piece of equipment that puts an object in rotation around a fixed axis, applying a force perpendicular to the axis of spin that can be very strong.

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Q:

Nuclear sizes are expressed in a unit named

A) Fermi B) Angstrom
C) Newton D) Tesla
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Fermi

Explanation:

Nuclear sizes are expressed in a unit called "Fermi" which is a unit of length equal to 10−15 metre (one femtometre), used in nuclear physics. It is similar to the diameter of a proton.

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Q:

The speed of light will be minimum while passing through

A) water B) vaccum
C) air D) glass
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) glass

Explanation:
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Q:

Which of the following is not a vector quantity?

A) speed B) velocity
C) torque D) displacement
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) speed

Explanation:

Which_of_the_following_is_not_a_vector_quantity1552385336.png image

A vector quantity is a quantity which has both magnitude and direction. Here in the given options, speed is a scalar quantity but not the vector quantity.

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Q:

The most suitable unit for expressing nuclear radius is

A) micro B) nanometre
C) fermi D) angstrom
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) fermi

Explanation:
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Q:

Two electric bulbs marked 25W – 220V and 100W – 220V are connected in series to a 440Vsupply. Which of the bulbs will fuse?

A) 25 W B) Both
C) 100 W D) Neither
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 25 W

Explanation:

Resistances of both the bulbs are

 

R1=V^2/P1 = 220^2/25

 

R2 = V^2/P2 = 220^2/100

 

Hence  R1gt ; R2

 

When connected in series, the voltages divide in them in the ratio of their resistances. The voltage of 440 V devides in such a way that voltage across 25 w bulb will be more than 220 V. Hence 25 w bulb will fuse.

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Q:

Temperature can be expressed as derived quantity in terms of any of the following

A) length and mass B) mass and time
C) length,mass and time D) in terms of none
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) in terms of none

Explanation:
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Q:

An air bubble in water will act like a

A) convex lens B) convex mirror
C) concave lens D) concave mirror
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) concave lens

Explanation:

An_air_bubble_in_water_will_act_like_a1557488532.jpg image

The lens which have atleast one inward curved surface is a concave lens. Concave ens is a diverging lens as it spreads out light rays that have been refracted through it.

A concave lens is thinner at its centre than at its edges.

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