0
Q:

What is the type of the algorithm used in solving the 8 Queens problem ?

A) Dynamic Programming B) BackTracking
C) Branch and Bound D) None

Answer:   B) BackTracking



Explanation:

BackTracking is used for solving N-Queens problem

Subject: Software Testing
Q:

Configuration management is not concerned with

A) maintaining versions of software B) controlling documentation changes
C) controlling changes to the source code D) choice of hardware configuration for an application
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) choice of hardware configuration for an application

Explanation:

Configuration management is not concerned with the choice of the hardware configuration for an application.

 

Configuration management is concerned with the development of procedures and standards for cost-effective managing and controlling charges in an evolving s/w system.

It includes

1)software versions maintenance

2)controlling changes in documentation

3)controlling changes to the source code

4) management activities

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0 11
Q:

Defect Management Process does not include

A) Deliverable base-lining B) Management reporting
C) Defect prevention D) None of above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Deliverable base-lining

Explanation:
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Filed Under: Software Testing
Job Role: Analyst , IT Trainer

0 64
Q:

main()

{

float me = 1.1;

double you = 1.1;

if(me==you)

printf("yes");

else

printf("No");

}

A) Yes B) No
C) Both D) Compilation error
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) No

Explanation:

For floating point numbers (float, double, long double) the values cannot be predicted exactly. Depending on the number of bytes, the precession with of the value represented varies. Float takes 4 bytes and long double takes 10 bytes. So float stores 0.9 with less precision than long double.

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Filed Under: Software Testing
Job Role: Software Architect

5 1502
Q:

Which is the simplest file structure?

A) Sequential B) Indexed
C) Random D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Sequential

Explanation:

Sequential is the simplest file structure

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Filed Under: Software Testing

4 5368
Q:

What is a software project test plan?

Answer

A test plan is the master document that contains all details pertaining to testing of the application. Its contents include:


 


Testing scope - what is included and what is not included in the testing of the current project 


Assumptions - what are the assumptions that are made for this project 


Milestones - major dates like when testing is going to begin, when it is planned to end, what is the trace review date, what is the production date etc. 


Resources - the resources working on this project along with their contact details 


Defect tracking mechanism - what defect tracking tool will be used, what is the SLA for fixing Critical to Low level IRs etc. 


Test management procedures - who will be notified when there is a critical IR, what reports will be sent daily, if status calls will be held daily or weekly, where will it be held, who is required to join etc. 


Work allocation - resource distribution if more projects are being tested 


Entry and exit criterion - when can a project be accepted for testing (eg. only when smoke testing passes) and when can a project be termed as testing complete (eg. when all testcases are executed and all high level bugs are fixed)

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Subject: Software Testing

2 1048
Q:

Differentiate between a.) Testing and Debugging b.) Two tier and Three tier architecture c.) Alpha testing and Beta testing d.) Static testing and dynamic testing

Answer

a.) Testing and Debugging 


Testing is process of verifying if the application matches requirements and reporting bugs; Testing is usually done by an independent testing team while debugging is a process of finding and fixing bugs with the intention of reducing bugs; Debugging is usually done by the programmer.


 


b.) Two tier and Three tier architecture


In a two tier architecture there is a data server and a client application. Client application directly accesses the server data. In a three tier architecture there is a data server, a client application and a server application. Client application calls the server application which in turn fetches data from the data server and returns back to client application.


 


c.) Alpha testing and Beta testing


Alpha testing is conducting acceptance testing in the environment where the application was developed. It is done by the customer. Beta testing is conducting acceptance testing is the customer environment. It is done by the group of customers or users who will actually be using it.


 


d.) Static testing and dynamic testing


Static testing is checking the application without actually running the application whereas dynamic testing checks the application by running it.

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Subject: Software Testing

3 1046
Q:

Explain a.) Quality Assurance b.) Quality Control c.) Test Case d.) Test Condition e.) Test Script f.) Test Data g.) Test Bed

Answer

a.) Quality Assurance


Quality assurance is an activity that establishes and evaluates the processes that produce products. Quality assurance would measure processes to identify weaknesses and then correct them to continually improve the process: Eg. Code review.


b.) Quality Control


Quality control is a process in which the product's quality is compared with standards and corrective actions taken if required. Quality control activities focus on identifying defects in the actual products produced. Eg. Testing.


c.) Test Case


A test case is a unit level document describing the inputs, steps of execution and the expected result of each test condition for every requirement from the BRD. Testers determine whether the application is working correctly or not based on the test case that is being executed. A test case is marked as "Pass" if the application works as expected and is marked as "Fail" if otherwise. Test cases also aide in generating test status metrics.


d.) Test Condition


Test condition is the condition on which the test execution evaluates to pass or fail. Eg of a test condition: Set Password field should accept a mix of Alphanumeric and Special characters on mandatory basis and throw error message otherwise.


e.) Test Script


Test script is the set of instructions performed on the application to verify its functions.


f.) Test Data


Test data is the input data used to test a particular functionality. Eg: Username and password to test a login screen.


g.) Test Bed


Test bed is the environment on which the testing is done and includes the software and hardware set up that is required for testing the application.

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Subject: Software Testing

1 1491
Q:

Explain Software Testing. Why is it important to conduct the testing of a software?

Answer

Software testing is verifying if a software meets the customer's requirements; if it has high quality; if it is bug free and if it is fit for use. Testing is important because it ensures that the product delivered is defect free which in turn emphasizes higher quality and proves to be cost effective.

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Subject: Software Testing

0 742