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Q:

A can do a piece of work in 10 days, B in 15 days. They work together for 5 days, the rest of the work is finished by C in two more days. If they get Rs. 3000 as wages for the whole work, what are the daily wages of A, B and C respectively (in Rs):

A) 200, 250, 300 B) 300, 200, 250
C) 200, 300, 400 D) None of these

Answer:   B) 300, 200, 250

Explanation:

A's 5 days work = 50% 

B's 5 days work = 33.33%

C's 2 days work = 16.66%          [100- (50+33.33)]

Ratio of contribution of work of A, B and C = 

                                                               = 3 : 2 : 1

 

A's total share = Rs. 1500

B's total share = Rs. 1000

C's total share = Rs. 500

 

A's one day's earning = Rs.300

B's one day's earning = Rs.200

C's one day's earning = Rs.250

Q:

A can complete a piece of work in 12 days and B is 60% more efficient than A. In how many days B will complete the same work  ?

A) 8.7 hrs B) 5.2 hrs
C) 5 hrs D) 7.5 hrs
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 7.5 hrs

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 160 : 100
A can do the work in 12 days
Let B can do the work in "D" days
=> 160:100 = 12 : D
=> D = 12 x 100/160 = 7.5 hrs

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2 5
Q:

A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in half the time taken by A. then, working together, what part of the same work they can finish in a day ?

A) Total work B) One-fourth work
C) Half work D) Two-third work
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Half work

Explanation:

A can do the work = 18 days
B can do the work = 18/2 = 9 days
(A + B)'s 1 day work = 1/18 + 1/9 = 1/6
=> In 3 days = 3x1/6 = 1/2 work is completed.

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1 1
Q:

10 boys can complete a work in 7 days and 10 girls take 14 days to complete the work. How many days will 5 boys and 10 girls take to complete the work ?

A) 13 days B) 10 days
C) 7 days D) 16 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 7 days

Explanation:

1 boy's 1 day work = 1/70
1 girl's 1 day work = 1/140
(5 boys + 10 girls)'s 1 day work
= (5/70 + 10/140) = (1/14 + 1/14) = 1/7

5 boys and 10 girls will complete the work in 7 days.

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2 30
Q:

A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days  ?

A) 9 days B) 11 days
C) 13 days D) 15 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 13 days

Explanation:

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 100 : 130 = 10 : 13.
Suppose B takes x days to do the work.

Then, 10 : 13 :: 23 : x     =>     x = ( 23 x 13/10 )     =>     x = 299 /10.

A's 1 day's work = 1/23 ;
B's 1 day's work = 10/299 .

(A + B)'s 1 day's work = ( 1/23 + 10/299 ) = 23/299 = 113 .

Therefore, A and B together can complete the work in 13 days. 

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1 45
Q:

A laborer is engaged for 30 days on the condition that he receives Rs.25 for each day he works and is fined Rs.7.50 for each day is absent. He gets Rs.425 in all. For how many days was he absent ?

A) 10 days B) 14 days
C) 11 days D) 9 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 10 days

Explanation:

30 x 25 = 750
               425
           -----------
               325

25 + 7.50 = 32.5

=> 325/32.5 = 10

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